Моделирование динамики фармацевтического рынка с учетом государственного регулирования
In this paper is presented the approach to modeling of the dynamics of a pharmaceutical market based on the using of computable general equilibrium models (CGE-models). The multidimensional (multiproduct) dynamical model is suggested for the calculation of equilibrium demand and prices of medicines with the taking into account of different outside factors and the mechanism of the market state regulation. The developed model was realized with the help of simulation tool Powersim.
In the article the main tendencies and problems of development of the Russian pharmaceutical industry and the pharmaceutical market are considered. It is shown that low competitiveness of pharmaceutical industry and a high share of an import in the domestic pharmaceutical market are in many respects caused by low innovative activity of the Russian pharmaceutical companies. The contents «Strategy of development of pharmaceutical industry of the Russian Federation for the period till 2020» in interrelation with a complex of system problems of the Russian pharmaceutical industry and prospects of realization of innovative option of its modernization is considered and analysed.
The author studies relationships between medical representatives and physicians from the structural embeddedness perspective. Based on the research she discloses the existing practices of relationships between pharmaceutical companies and physicians, describes possible ways of resolving administrative and legal problems associated with new regulations of drug turnover. The author also gives attention to the dissolution of ties as an important element of network analysis.
Competition and Intellectual Property Law in the Pharmaceutical Sector deals with the apparent contradiction between intellectual property (IP) rights (particularly patents) and competition law, with a focus on the pharmaceutical sector: in its aim to promote innovation and long-term competition, the patent system in fact provides a temporary right to exclude. The book explores the possibility of adjusting patent policies to better account for the trade-off between static and dynamic welfare and minimize the risks of anticompetitive behaviour, which happens with the misuse of patents. This book, the first to deal with this issue on a global basis, tackles the clashes of case law by Courts and antitrust enforcement by competition authorities that undermine the predictability of solutions to this problem and increase the risk of fundamental rights violations and excessive transitional costs for enterprises.
Examining the approaches to competition and IP regulation in fourteen leading jurisdictions, the analysis provides a comparative perspective on recent relevant regulations and case law in the pharmaceutical sector. Thirty-one contributions by internationally known experts in both fields – judges in specialized courts, chairmen and board members of national competition authorities, and well-known scholars and practitioners – focus on the salient topics and on the interplay between patent law and competition law, with an insight into the human rights issues that arise.
Nowadays Russian drug market structure is inefficient in terms of high level of branded generic drugs. This requires improvement of policy measures in order to increase the affordability of innovative drugs, both domestic and imported. The paper describes special features of Russian pharmaceutical market and investigates how drug policy instruments affect the commercial market structure, focusing mainly on incentives to launch and sell innovative drugs.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management