Spin-off phenomenon as a factor of university clusters competitiveness increasing: A methodological proposal
Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing. 2012. Vol. 128. P. 126-135.
Klimova N., Malyzhenkov P. V.
In the modern economic reality the level of competitiveness of entire countries and national economies highly depends on innovative activity in the industry and technology. The present article analyzes the diffusion of a cluster model in international experience and the spread of spin-offs model as an effective solution for clusters' efficiency increasing and a promising organizational form for successful functioning of ICT industry. The description of new approaches aimed to powering of links between industry and educational bodies in Russia is delivered too. A methodological proposal for evaluating of clusters' competitiveness is formulated.
Spin-Off Phenomenon as a Factor of University ClustersCompetitiveness Increasing: A Methodological Proposal
, , , in: Perspectives in Business Informatics Research. 11th International Conference, BIR 2012, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia, September 2012 Proceedings. Issue 128.: Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012.. P. 126-135.
In the modern economic reality the level of competitiveness of entire countries and national economies depends on innovative activity in the industry and technology. The present article analyzes the diffusion of clusters model in international experience and the spread of spin-offs model as an effective solution for clusters’ efficiency increasing. A methodological proposal for evaluating ...
Added: January 6, 2013
, , Foresight 2013 Vol. 15 No. 1 P. 40-53
Purpose: This paper aims to analyse three individual foresight projects referring to the natural resources sector in Russia, their interconnection and influence on policy decision making. Design/methodology/approach: The three foresight studies used different methodologies depending on the project's goal. First the projects' interconnections are explained. Second, each of the studies is characterised from different viewpoints, ...
Added: March 29, 2013
M.: -, 2013
The book contains articles considering various aspects of the analysis: macroeconomic, regional, sectoral, cross-cultural, etc. The current problems are analyzed: new ways of the development of space activities in the form of public-private partnerships, the opportunities for social responsibility programs in various sectors of the economy, as well as the sustainability of economic growth in ...
Added: November 17, 2013
, , МИР (Модернизация. Инновации. Развитие) 2012 Т. 12 № 4 С. 54-61
In this paper as the main feature of innovation in the financial health of a company analyst view the shift to two circuits of key interests of owners of capital (financial stakeholders). Justified by differences key financial systems within the contour ownership interest and the lender three projections: liquidity, the current economic efficiency and growth. ...
Added: March 8, 2013
, , , Technovation 2014 Vol. 34 No. 9 P. 499-504
This paper considers how service innovation has emerged and changed over time through three distinct eras: technology adopters, technology enabled and technology–service convergence. Convergence is modeled as relating to the linking of some combination of existing technology or service to a new technology or service resulting in a 2×2 matrix that helps better understand the ...
Added: December 16, 2014
, , Nature 2013 Vol. 501 P. 313-314
Many of us believe that science is indispensable for generating innovation, and that innovation is a basis for manufacturing, which, in turn, is a must for the economy. But is the road that straight? In truth, it takes decades to recognize the fruits of scientific discovery and economic activity. Leonid Gokhberg and Dirk Meissner compare ...
Added: September 24, 2013
, Экономическая наука современной России 2016 Т. 72 № 1 С. 28-38
Knowledge production function displays the relationship between firm innovative efforts and its results obtained in form of useful knowledge. Analysis of the function allows a better understanding of firm innovation activity for better management of corporate resources. The current paper presents an overview of significant studies on this topic. The paper briefly describes evolution of ...
Added: October 24, 2013
, , Economy of Region 2021 Vol. 17 No. 1 P. 223-234
Universities play a crucial role in local economies, providing educational services and participating in research and development. This is particularly important for Russia where regions are highly differentiated in terms of both socio-economic development and technological progress and innovations. However, many regional universities in Russia have traditionally focused primarily on teaching, with less emphasis on ...
Added: October 1, 2020
, Innovations as Public Goods Provision with Negative Externalities: Role of Parliamentarism / Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ. Series PS "Political Science". 2012. No. 06/PS/2012.
Technological innovations are inherently problematic (risky, uncertain, possess public goods properties (enhances free-riding since it is easy to steal), but once they succeed, they create negative externalities for incumbents in the form of economic resources redistribution. Economic resources are convertible into political power. Therefore, economic redistribution might eventually result in political power redistribution. Those who ...
Added: February 18, 2013
, , Экономика и управление в машиностроении 2016 Т. 43 № 1 С. 25-31
The article examines and analyzes the motivational mechanism of innovation processes and innovation. Examines and analyzes the personal motives for innovation, the motives of large manufacturers to implement innovations, social and economic foundations of innovation. The analysis of individual motives for innovation. Considered and analyzed the social and economic foundations of innovation. The question of ...
Added: May 25, 2016
“Open innovation” and “triple helix” models of innovation: can synergy in innovation systems be measured?
, , Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity 2016 P. 1-12
The model of “Open Innovations” (OI) can be compared with the “Triple Helix of University-Industry-Government Relations” (TH) as attempts to find surplus value in bringing industrial innovation closer to public R&D. Whereas the firm is central in the model of OI, the TH adds multi-centeredness: in addition to firms, universities and (e.g., regional) governments can take ...
Added: October 3, 2016
Academic Conferences and Publishing International Limited, 2019
Added: November 5, 2020
, , et al., М.: НИУ ВШЭ, 2016
В настоящем сборнике отражены результаты статистических обследований, характеризующих инновационные процессы в экономике страны. В динамике представлены сводные показатели, определяющие уровень развития технологических и нетехно-логических инноваций, разработанные в соответствии с современными международными стандартами ОЭСР и Евростата. В публи-кации приводятся статистические данные, отражающие инновационную активность организаций промышленного производства и ряда отраслей сферы услуг. Подробно рассмотрены ресурсное обеспечение ...
Added: March 1, 2016
, , , Экономическая политика 2021 Т. 16 № 4 С. 104-143
The study discusses the relationship between competition and innovation in low-tech and high-tech industries in transition economies. The analysis is based on the World Bank’s Business Environment and Enterprise Performance Survey (BEEPS) =for manufacturing industries in 32 countries and includes 8,686 observations. We find an inverted U-shaped relationship between competition and R&D expenditure =for low-technology industries, and a ...
Added: September 8, 2021
, , Journal of Physics: Conference Series 2021 No. 1784 Article 012006
The article is devoted to the study of innovative activity in healthcare and its impact on the welfare of Russia’s population, depending on the respondents’ region of residence. Inclusion of various components of the population’s well-being is based on the author’s algorithm for calculating the composite index which includes 21 indicators within 5 sub-indices. To ...
Added: June 30, 2021
, , et al., Journal of Business & Industrial Marketing 2013 Vol. 28 No. 3 P. 240-259
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to develop and test models explaining the unsatisfactory innovation activity of Russian firms and the main obstacles to innovation cluster development. Design/methodology/approach: Based on statistical analysis and the results of a pilot survey of 192 local businessmen, followed by imitation modeling analysis, the study tests hypotheses regarding the ...
Added: March 29, 2013
, , Вопросы экономики 2013 № 12
This paper provides empirical evidence on the relation of innovation and competition, as well as insights on the role of innovation within the competitive strategies of Russian enterprises. The survey of roughly 1000 enterprises (executed as a part of the European Manufacturing Survey) from the manufacturing sector and ICT reveals the marginal role of innovation ...
Added: January 20, 2014
The effect of technology on learning during the acquisition and development of competencies in technology-intensive small firms
, , International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour and Research 2013 Vol. 19 No. 2 P. 165-186
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to consider whether the characteristics of a technology affect the type of learning mode used for acquiring abilities related to specific competencies. While technological competencies have a direct impact on firm performance for technology-intensive start-ups, few if any of these firms posses all the prerequisite competencies required for ...
Added: October 19, 2015
, Лизинг. Технологии бизнеса 2013 № 8 С. 25-33
In this article the author dwells on the major categories of competition theory. Shows that the modern market economy - is a daunting, multi-level system, which includes a large number of different structures (industrial, institutional, commercial, financial, marketing, information, etc.), which are constantly interacting in the national and international regulatory and legal framework. Recently, the ...
Added: November 20, 2013
Entry into Export Markets as an Incentive to Innovate. Evidence from the Russian Manufacturing Industry Survey
, , , Entry into Export Markets as an Incentive to Innovate. Evidence from the Russian Manufacturing Industry Survey / Высшая школа экономики. Series EC "Economics". 2011. No. 11.
This paper examines how export and export destination stimulates innovation by Russian manufacturing firms. The discussion is guided by the theoretical models for heterogeneous firms engaged in international trade which predict that, because more productive firms generate higher profit gains, they are able to afford high entry costs, and trade liberalization encourages the use of ...
Added: August 29, 2012
Инновационная система России в преддверии VI долгосрочного кондратьевского цикла: возможности и ограничения
, Национальные интересы: приоритеты и безопасность 2019 Т. 15 № 3 (372) С. 509-520
Subject Things change rapidly in all sectors of the economy, causing that advanced economies lag behind those economic entities which neglect innovative S&T ideas, their completion, slowly adapt to new circumstances, being reluctant to ensure a smooth, flexible and mutually beneficial interaction of economic agents. Currently, Russia demonstrates such trends and sluggish development. Objectives The research identifies issues ...
Added: August 22, 2021
Understanding cross border innovation activities: The linkages between innovation modes, product architecture and firm boundaries
, , et al., Journal of Business Research 2020 P. 1-8
The mirroring hypothesis highlights the correspondence of design characteristics across different architectural levels and in this paper, we consider how mirroring may impact the distribution of national and international innovation activities of firms. We identify incremental and modular innovations (as product architecture reinforcing innovations) along with architectural and radical innovations (as innovations that overturn the ...
Added: February 27, 2020
Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Industrial Dynamics in Internationalized Regional Economies. Revised papers presented at the 20th Uddevalla Symposium, 15-17 June, 2017, Trollhattan, Sweden
University West, 2017
This antology consists of 28 revised papers, first presented and discussed at the 20th Anniversary Uddevalla Symposium 2017 on " Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Industrial Dynamics in Internationalized Regional Economies" , which was held at University West, Trollhattan, Sweden on 15-17 June 2017. ...
Added: October 19, 2018
the British Academy of Management (BAM), 2019
The Conference Proceedings from the 2019 British Academy of Management Conference, hosted by Aston Business School, Aston University are, as a collective publication, the property of the Academy. Authors of papers submitted to, and presented at, the Conference retain the rights to their individual paper. These proceedings are published by the British Academy of Management (BAM) and ...
Added: October 22, 2019