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Article

Российско-белорусская интеграция: исторический контекст и проблема периодизации

Безопасность Евразии. 2006. № 4(26). С. 342-352.

It is the author's opinion that starting with summer 2002 Russian-Belorussian integration reaches a point of inexorable but predictable degradation. The fact is that transnational integration continues if the integration project keeps dynamic of process of new commonality's creation out of uncoordinated objects. If starts the braking of project one may say about integration only in the past tense. The author offers as real variant of periodization following: The first stage (1994-1998) - predominantly development of economic component. There were creation of unit customs zone, discarding of Belorussian debts approximately 1 billion USD, opening of Russian market to Belorussian commodities and giving to Belarus the privileges and preferences concerning Russian energy resources. The second stage (1998-2000) - stage of political integration. There were consistent declarations of Community, Union and Union State of Belarus and Russia and at the same time forming of leading bodies of Union State: the Highest Council of State and its Chairman, its Council of Ministers, its apparatus, budget and so on. The third stage (2001 - the present time) - period of stagnation of project. Here there are stopping of development, degradation of economic integration, depression in political integration, beginnings of Belarus-Russian conflicts and informational wars, displacement inside Russia the theme of Union construction, using inside Belarus the Russia-Belarusian integration to solution of internal problems of power - installation of constitutional referendums, legitimization of results of the regular presidential election and so on. Thus the integration process between two «Union states» by 2006 finds oneself at the edge of political and social-economic reality of internal and external development both Russia and Belarus.