О новой военной доктрине Б. Обамы
The new B. Obama military strategy is analyzed.
The first in historiography research of the life and writings of an outstanding Russian educator, a close friend of Vladimir Lenin's father Ilya Ulyanov Alexander Alexeevich Krasev (1844-1921). It extends and corrects the conventional image of Krasev as presented in available literature.
The 1 part of this volume includes different works reflecting the variety of fields in which Russian scholars do their research on America.In the 2 part of this collection of works professors teaching courses in "American Studies" in different universities of Russia and the CIS share their experience.The 3 part includes articles discussing the origins and development of the social thought in the United States. The 4 part presents collection of works devoted to different linguistic aspects of studying and teaching the American culture in our country. The 5 part is devoted to studying historical, social and political aspects of this phenomenon.
In contrast with a widespread perception of Russia as an expansionist power in the Arctic, this article argues that Moscow does not seek military superiority in the region. Rather, Moscow’s military strategies in the Arctic pursue three major goals: first, to demonstrate and ascertain Russia’s sovereignty over its exclusive economic zone and continental shelf in the region; second, to protect its economic interests in the High North; and third, to demonstrate that Russia retains its great power status and still has world-class military capabilities. The Russian military modernization programs are quite modest and aim at upgrading the Russian armed forces in the High North rather than providing them with additional offensive capabilities or provoking a regional arms race. The Russian ambitions in the Arctic may be high, but they are not necessarily implying the intentions and proper capabilities to confront other regional players by military means. On the contrary, Moscow opts for soft rather than hard power strategy in the Arctic.
For the first time since World War II, the U.S. seem to lose leadership at the multilateral trade talks shifting accents to bilateral and regional trade cooperation. The main reason for the shift is a deadlock at the WTO Doha-round negotiations where the U.S. face opposition of the steadily growing economies of India, China and Brazil.
Торговые переговоры, ГАТТ, ВТО, США, многосторонняя торговая система, ЕС, Япония, ИНДИЯ, КИТАЙ, Бразилия, Дж. Буш-мл., Б. Обама, М. Баррозу, Р. Зеллик, П. Лами, Р. Кирк, Л. да Силва, Карел де Гюхт, АТЭС, НАФТА, АСЕАН, трансатлантическое партнерство, "двадцатка", trade talks, GATT, WTO, U.S., Multilateral Trading System, Eu, Japan, India, China, Brazil, G.-W. Bush, B. Obama, M. Barrozo, R. Zoellick, P. Lamy, R. Kirk, L. da Silva, Karel de Gucht, APEC, NAFTA, ASEAN, Transatlantic Partnership, G 20
The chapter reviews the dynamics of Russian public interest in the US president and Russian public opinion towards the USA and Barack Obama between 2008 and 2013. The results indicate that Russians are predominantly indifferent towards Barack Obama and the USA in general. However, a negative attitude growth trend in 2012-2013 is evident, most likely associated with Russian state propaganda in response to the Magnitsky Act. The author discusses these facts and proposes a psychological explanation to the Russian reaction based on the psychodynamic notion of defense mechanisms.
The State Archive of the Kirov region keeps the documents related to the history of the Viatka-American relations. Among the most interesting subjects: the activities of Xenofont Anfilatov, the participation of Viatka in the World Fair in Chicago in 1893, the aid of the U. S. Embassy to German and Austro-Hungarian prisoners of war during the First World War.
The collection includes articles on various aspects of Russian- American relations, the history of the United States late XVIII - early XX centuries. The first part examines the activities of individual diplomatic representatives of this period are analyzed shapedin the XIX-XX centuries. images of the two countries can be traced stages and directionsterritorial U.S. expansion in the late XVIII-XIX centuries. We study the problems of theeconomic history of Russia and America, mediation of President Theodore Roosevelt duringthe Russian -Japanese war. The second part of the book is devoted to the political problems of U.S. history. Cultural ties between the two countries - the subject of our studies of the third part. Collective work is designed for professionals , teachers, students and anyone interested in the history of Russia and America.
In the article the author examines the correlation between the traditional values of American society and creation of a positive image of a politician in the US political discourse. The author also makes an overview of the rhetorical devices used to create the positive image of the US president based on a series of well-known speeches by the 44th President of the USA Barack Obama. The article draws attention to the fact that this strategy of formation of a positive image may be effective both in that country and abroad.
The article is devoted to the study of the authoritarianism prevalent in the mass consciousness of Russians. The article describes a new approach to the consideration of the authoritarian syndrome as the effects of the cultural trauma as a result of political and socio-cultural transformation of society. The article shows the dynamics of the symptoms of the authoritarianism, which appear in the mass consciousness of Russians from 1993 to 2011. This paper proposes a package of measures aimed at reducing the level of the authoritarianism in Russian society.
This work looks at a model of spatial election competition with two candidates who can spend effort in order to increase their popularity through advertisement. It is shown that under certain condition the political programs of the candidates will be different. The work derives the comparative statics of equilibrium policy platform and campaign spending with respect the distribution of voter policy preferences and the proportionality of the electoral system. In particular, it is whown that the equilibrium does not exist if the policy preferences are distributed over too narrow an interval.
The article examines "regulatory requirements" as a subject of state control over business in Russia. The author deliberately does not use the term "the rule of law". The article states that a set of requirements for business is wider than the legislative regulation.
First, the article analyzes the regulatory nature of the requirements, especially in the technical field. The requirements are considered in relation to the rule of law. The article explores approaches to the definition of regulatory requirements in Russian legal science. The author analyzes legislation definitions for a set of requirements for business. The author concludes that regulatory requirements are not always identical to the rule of law. Regulatory requirements are a set of obligatory requirements for entrepreneurs’ economic activity. Validation failure leads to negative consequences.
Second, the article analyzes the problems of the regulatory requirements in practice. Lack of information about the requirements, their irrelevance and inconsistency are problems of the regulatory requirements in Russia.
Many requirements regulating economic activity are not compatible with the current development level of science and technology. The problems are analyzed on the basis of the Russian judicial practice and annual monitoring reports by Higher School of Economics.
Finally, the author provides an approach to the possible solution of the regulatory requirements’ problem. The author proposes to create a nationwide Internet portal about regulatory requirements. The portal should contain full information about all regulatory requirements. The author recommends extending moratorium on the use of the requirements adopted by the bodies and organizations of the former USSR government.