Article is dedicated to the problem of the formation of Lev Tolstoy's world views and evolution of his views on the violence and the war. There is shown Tolstoy's way from the patriotic directivity to the substantiation of idea nonviolence and the nonresistance to evil by force.
The introduction describes the concept in the "hard"and "soft" sciences.
F. Mauriacs Bloc-Notes (1952-1970) is the biggest collection of articles of the eminent French novelist and Nobel Prize winner. As an engaged writer and publicist, he provides an acute commentary on politics, history and morality, constantly referring to his inner world. Animalistic characters illustrate human laws and contain a significant moral element, urging people to fight their inner beast.
The article deals with the activities of B. Purishev as a Germanist - a scientist, a teacher, a researcher of medieval and Renaissance literature.
The book describes the concepts of chaos and order in the "hard" and "soft" sciences.
The article looks at Mauriacs essays, articles and speeches as a major part of his creative heritage, paying special attention to his unique gifting in the area of journalism. The author of the article observes Mauriacs position of a restless Christian, and his deliberate engagement in key political issues of the time, which then translate into the natural integrity of his writing style retained all through the rich diversity of genres he employs in his work.