Портреты ученых-юристов: Иеремия Бентам
The article represents the retrospective view of J. Bentam’sideason the state, law, moral and their historical dependence. The assumption is made on the relevance of the thinker’s ideas to modernize the political and legal life in Russia including those on legal laws.
The article considers the features of the presumption of knowledge of criminal law rules as a condition of guilt and responsibility for crimes in the sphere of economic activity. It argues conclusions on the ways to improve the organization of legal education of population, as well as the system of legal training of the staff engaged in economic structures and in respect of their penal control officers of the relevant legal institutions. It also justifies the relationship between the strengthen of the presumption of knowledge of criminal law in relation to these crimes with an increase in the effectiveness of criminal justice in the relevant field, and hence the efficiency of the economic activity.
Presumption of knowledge of law, crime, economic activity, legal education of population, legal training, criminal justice supervision, crimes in the sphere of economic activity, the order of publish of laws and their promulgation, commentary, Explanation, legal public education, legal studies, Legal institutions
The chapter is devoted to basic priniples of the Rssian criminal law. It is specifically mentioned the history of the principles and its current reflection in the Russian Criminal Code of 1996. The author discusses the structure of crime and the punishments inflicted upon its commission.
The article is dedicated of problems of criminal law regulation of securities market.The concept of criminal law mechanism its protection is offered.
The paper shows that the effectiveness of fighting crime could be considerably increased through supplementing the traditional law enforcement activities as exercised by the special authorities (internal affairs departments, prosecutor's offices, etc.) with the activities of state power bodies with general jurisdiction that would be specifically aimed at protecting legal order against crimes with the assistance of different civil society institutions and the community.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/