Современное состояние открытых образовательных ресурсов в странах СНГ: основные особенности и проблемы
The article tries to describe the specific of Open Educational Resources design and functioning in CIS countries in terms of their uniqueness in information and educational environments. The article specifies culturological, psychological and teaching organization of CIS OERs, including some features of their ergonomic design. The questions concerning the intercultural competence of tutors and the development of cultural assimilators for tutors are put.
The paper provides information on an educational portal named "Single-Entry Window" aimed at integration of Russian educational Internet resources. The conceptual aspects of the project, the software functionality, the informational components, the structure of metadata, the questions of content management including the approach for resources collecting and evaluating are described.
Problems of the engeneering education with open educational resourses are considered.
This paper covers results of the project on development of open electronic library of educational resources for high school. This library is the part of educational portal named "Unified window for access to educational resources" (window.edu.ru) and contains more than 25000 textbooks, tutorials, lecture notes and other materials created in Russian universities.
The paper studies the impact of the global financial crisis on the development of integration processes of the CIS countries. The appearance of certain structural economic turbulence in the post-Soviet space has been proved by calculating rank concordance coefficients for changes of six basic macroeconomic indicators in 2009. It is shown that these changes are short-term and will hardly affect the vector of integration processes in the long term. Some ways to accelerate the integration process through the development of a coherent economic policy after the crisis are discussed.
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.