Пять принципов построения нового университета
The article focuses on the development of a competence and knowledge paradigm of education, stages and outcomes of its formation in the field of public administration abroad and in Russia. The attention is paid to processes and conditions of development of the professional competences within the curriculum in the field of public administration.
The importance of tertiary education for economic growth and competitiveness is increasingly recognized as critical not just for middle-income and advanced countries, but also for low-income ones. Access to a solid, world-class curriculum helps develop a skilled, productive, and flexible labor force that can positively influence productive activities by creating, applying, and spreading new ideas and technologies. Research universities are emerging as the central institutions of the 21st century knowledge economies.
The Road to Academic Excellence: The Making ofWorld-Class Research Universities extends the analysis of the framework presented in The Challenge of EstablishingWorld-Class Universities (Salmi 2009), examining the recent experience of 11 universities in 9 countries that have grappled with the challenges of building successful research institutions in difficult circumstances and presenting the lessons learned from these experiences. This report will be of interest to policy makers and tertiary education leaders considering reforms and innovations to improve their country's position in the global scene.
The main point today is what and how to teach? Before answering the question we need to have clear definition - what do education and standards of education mean? From time to time the reforms of education are occurred, i.e. the standards of teaching are changed: something has gone out of date, something is not quite suitable, sometimes our education fails to keep pace with life. Today, economics and society are sharply developing that is why we need to use new standards and technology for teaching if we want our students will be demanded and competitive on the market.
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.