Анализ дисперсионных характеристик замедляющих систем типа цепочек связанных резонаторов вблизи границ полосы пропускания
A model of the slowwave cavity structures that can be used for the analysis of electrodynamic parameters and excitation by the fixed current is electrodynamically substantiated. A possibility of the calcu lation of electrodynamic parameters using the 3D simulation is demonstrated for the slowwave cavity struc tures. The calculated electrodynamic parameters of the two and fourport slowwave structures are pre sented.
Microwave radiation of two passing or counter electron beams promising for amplification and generation of microwaves in regime of electronic mode as well as for energy extraction using directional radiation. In the twobeam devices on the passing beams amplification determined by the longitudinal beams interaction with different speed. Usage of counter beams allows us to consider the generation of microwaves in the longitudinal interaction with internal feedback to the flow.
The properties of the local coupling impedance that determines the efficiency of the electron–wave interaction in periodic slow-wave structures are investigated. This impedance is determined (i) through the characteristics of the electromagnetic field in a slow-wave structure and (ii) through the parameters of a two-port chain simulating the structure. The continuous behavior of the local coupling impedance in the passbands of slow-wave structures, at the boundaries of the passbands, and beyond the passbands is confirmed with the help of a waveguide–resonator model.
In modeling of resonator slow-wave structures, equivalent systems method was used and collisionless plasma was used as the transit channel filler. Comparison of the results obtained demonstrates the accuracy of the developed model. The dispersion characteristics analysis was conducted.
The results of numerical simulation of electrodynamic characteristics of a slow-wave structure shaped as a folded waveguide and an electron–optical system of a three-millimeter-band pulse travelling wave tube with an output pulsed power of up to 50 W are presented. The matching devices, the interaction space, and the electron–optical system are calculated, which allows determination of their constructive parameters. The effect of loss caused by the roughness of the surfaces of the walls of the electrodynamic system on the output characteristics of the device is estimated.
Three-dimensional tsunami runup simulation at the Koborinai port, Sanriku coast, Japan.
The dynamics of a two-component Davydov-Scott (DS) soliton with a small mismatch of the initial location or velocity of the high-frequency (HF) component was investigated within the framework of the Zakharov-type system of two coupled equations for the HF and low-frequency (LF) fields. In this system, the HF field is described by the linear Schrödinger equation with the potential generated by the LF component varying in time and space. The LF component in this system is described by the Korteweg-de Vries equation with a term of quadratic influence of the HF field on the LF field. The frequency of the DS soliton`s component oscillation was found analytically using the balance equation. The perturbed DS soliton was shown to be stable. The analytical results were confirmed by numerical simulations.
By using superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) magnetometry, we investigated anisotropic high-field (H less than or similar to 7T) low-temperature (10 K) magnetization response of inhomogeneous nanoisland FeNi films grown by rf sputtering deposition on Sitall (TiO2) glass substrates. In the grown FeNi films, the FeNi layer nominal thickness varied from 0.6 to 2.5 nm, across the percolation transition at the d(c) similar or equal to 1.8 nm. We discovered that, beyond conventional spin-magnetism of Fe21Ni79 permalloy, the extracted out-of-plane magnetization response of the nanoisland FeNi films is not saturated in the range of investigated magnetic fields and exhibits paramagnetic-like behavior. We found that the anomalous out-of-plane magnetization response exhibits an escalating slope with increase in the nominal film thickness from 0.6 to 1.1 nm, however, it decreases with further increase in the film thickness, and then practically vanishes on approaching the FeNi film percolation threshold. At the same time, the in-plane response demonstrates saturation behavior above 1.5-2T, competing with anomalously large diamagnetic-like response, which becomes pronounced at high magnetic fields. It is possible that the supported-metal interaction leads to the creation of a thin charge-transfer (CT) layer and a Schottky barrier at the FeNi film/Sitall (TiO2) interface. Then, in the system with nanoscale circular domains, the observed anomalous paramagnetic-like magnetization response can be associated with a large orbital moment of the localized electrons. In addition, the inhomogeneous nanoisland FeNi films can possess spontaneous ordering of toroidal moments, which can be either of orbital or spin origin. The system with toroidal inhomogeneity can lead to anomalously strong diamagnetic-like response. The observed magnetization response is determined by the interplay between the paramagnetic-and diamagnetic-like contributions.
Radiation conditions are described for various space regions, radiation-induced effects in spacecraft materials and equipment components are considered and information on theoretical, computational, and experimental methods for studying radiation effects are presented. The peculiarities of radiation effects on nanostructures and some problems related to modeling and radiation testing of such structures are considered.
This volume presents new results in the study and optimization of information transmission models in telecommunication networks using different approaches, mainly based on theiries of queueing systems and queueing networks .
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.