Оценка прибыльности клиентов
The monograph contains the results of a study of the theoretical and methodological issues of managing the liquidity of a firm. The essence of this category is determined, the types of liquidity and their financial consequences for the company are identified; various groups of methods for measuring liquidity of a company are summarized and systematized, allowing to give a comprehensive assessment of this financial characteristic, factors shaping it, ways to maintain liquidity and potential threats to reduce it. The fundamentals of liquidity management in the organization’s financial management system are investigated, providing for the need to implement the principles of interconnection and balance of strategic and short-term financial goals, risk and profitability of a company based on a two-tier liquidity management system. A system of methods, models and tools for managing liquidity is presented within the framework of the formation of the company's working capital management policy and the management of its components - stocks, receivables and payables, and cash, which determine the level of liquidity of the company. The features and priorities of managing the liquidity of transport companies are highlighted, which are based on an analysis of the specifics of their activities, capital formation, structure of current assets and sources of its financing.
Workflow Petri nets with an additional (unbounded) resource place are studied. Resource tokens can be consumed and/or produced by transitions, hence a net can have an infinite number of different reachable states. A net with a certain initial resource is called sound if it properly terminates and, moreover, adding any extra initial resource does not violate its proper termination. An (unmarked) net is sound if it is sound for some initial resource. We prove the decidability of both marked and unmarked soundness for one-dimensional workow nets and present an algorithm of the minimal sound resource calculation.
The article addresses the determination of features of competition, its types and methods of raising the efficiency on the model of medical services market, which is forming in Russia nowadays. These features can arise because of a series of skewed incentives, faulty assumptions, unfortunate strategy choices, and counterproductive regulations that are understandable but inconsistent with how value is actually created in delivering health care.
In this work we consider modeling of workﬂow systems with Petri nets. A resource workﬂow net (RWF-net) is a workﬂow net, supplied with an additional set of initially marked resource places. Resources can be consumed and/or produced by transitions. We do not constrain neither the intermediate nor ﬁnal resource markings, hence a net can have an inﬁnite number of diﬀerent reachable states.
An initially marked RWF-net is called sound if it properly terminates and, moreover, adding any extra initial resource does not violate itsproper termination. An (unmarked) RWF-net is sound if it is sound for some initial resource. In this paper we prove the decidability of both marked and unmarked soundness for a restricted class of RWF-nets with a single unbounded resource place (1-dim RWF-nets). We present an algorithm for computing the minimal sound resource for a given sound 1-dim RWF-net.
The paper analyzes how the agricultural sector applies outsourcing in its practice. What differs the outsourcing from other forms of cooperation of enterprises is identified. We show that an agro-enterprise could function as an outsourcee. Some ways of how outsourcing can be used in the agricultural production to make its profitability higher are proposed here.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.