Экзистенциальный анализ в практике телефонного психологического консультирования
The article briefly describes theory and methodology of the contemporary existential analysis: the conception of four fundamental existential motivations, methods and techniques for counseling and therapy. Case examples and statistical data quoted show that existential analysis can be effectively used in working by phone with the wide range of cases, ant its efficiency is comparable with that of face-to-face counseling.
In 2010 we celebrate 105 years from the date of Victor Frankl's birth. His contribution to culture remains till now not estimated enough. In article it is traced origin and development of the concept of V. Frankl against crisis of the western culture of XX century. It is shown that the doctrine about spiritual life of the person and search for meaning contains the powerful impulse to an overcoming the crisis.
The monograph presents a holistic view of the development of ideas, theory and practice of modern existential analysis. This view has allowed to demonstrate the contribution of existential analysis in psychology and its methodological potential as the basis for the construction of integral personality psychology, psychological counseling and psychotherapy, relevant modern scientific and socio-cultural context. The book is addressed to undergraduate and graduate students studying psychology and psychological counseling, practicing psychologists and psychotherapists, a wide range of professionals and researchers in the field of philosophy, social Sciences and Humanities.
In article organizational-methodical aspects of activity and results of the first year of work of Moscow phone of the emergency psychological help using methods and technicians of the existential analysis are considered.
The article discusses main content and process-oriented components of the training program for counselors of existential-analytical orientation within the framework of the NRU HSE Master’s program. Students who successfully completed this training program are able to practise with the university counseling center upon obtaining their Master’s degree.
The Idea of the Person in Existential Analysis by Viktor Frankl
Viktor Frankl (1905-1997) holds a specific place in a panorama of psychological thoughts. Philosopher, psychologist, doctor, psychotherapist, the founder of the original teachings about the meaning, he has exerted serious humanistic impact on a philosophical and psychological thought.
The book shows Frankl's contribution in the development of the idea of the person as a spiritual active agent of human existence. Frankl's ideas of the person are reconstructed and systematized, their methodological value for psychotherapeutic anthropology and psychology of the personality is considered.
The book is addressed to a wide range of readers, reflecting on the problems of human and his being, to professionals and researchers in the field of philosophy, social sciences and humanities, for undergraduate and graduate students studying psychology and psychotherapy.
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.