К вопросу о необходимости законодательного закрепления понятия «банковская деятельность»
The article presents an overview of business trends in the banking sector based on results of business tendencies surveys of 875 credit institutions in 22 regions of Russia, held in November 2013 by Higher School of Economics jointly with the Information and Publishing Center "Statistics of Russia". The survey program provides key indicators of banking activities level and changes estimated by respondents. According to the results, detailed analysis of the views and attitudes of credit institutions leaders was carried out, mainly to answer the question: how possible development in the credit and deposit market under scenario of 2008 in nearest time? Position of respondents, largely offsetting with the main quantitative parameters of banking statistics, is primarily a reflection of the impact of macro environment and main banking regulator actions on the banking sector in the considered period.
The book contains articles considering various aspects of the analysis: macroeconomic, regional, sectoral, cross-cultural, etc. The current problems are analyzed: new ways of the development of space activities in the form of public-private partnerships, the opportunities for social responsibility programs in various sectors of the economy, as well as the sustainability of economic growth in resource-dependent countries.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.