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Article

Глобализация и международная конкурентоспособность

The increase of interaction and cooperation between countries nowadays rouses up a question of improving national competitiveness in a global world. The expansion of market boarders, high mobility of resources and their integration lead to rapid development, implementation of new technologies occurring everywhere, but these also result in severe competition. Countries that were not ready for opening their markets to foreign investors, that did not have any competitive industry or the industry protected by the government or effective institutions suffered from the globalization most of all. Developed countries managed to take advantage of opening the markets of the developing world using their resources at low cost. Indexes of globalization and global competitiveness illustrate how integration to the world market affected the main components of national competitiveness and what features of the countries lead to more or less favourable results in a globalised world. The example of India proves that globalization intensifies changes in the economies of developing countries but not all o these changes result in the increase of national competitiveness.