The Public and the Organization of Aid to Refugees during World War I: Institutional and Legal Aspects
This article is the first in historico-legal literature to deal with the phenomenon of Russian refugee assistance organization during World War I. This multicenter study is focused on legal and institutional factors of refugee assistance organization, on institutionalization of national refugee organizations in Moscow and Petersburg. Its academic novelty is manifested through usage of archival and published materials, their greater part being introduced into scientific use for the first time. It is established that the regulation of refugee assistance was based on three constituents: state regulatory acts, corporate enactments of social organizations, and public activities on refugee assistance organization. The results of the study are also of considerable practical importance. They can help solve contemporary migrant adaptation problems, overcome ethnic and religious extremism.