Лексическая сочетаемость: особенности освоения на продвинутых этапах владения английским языком
Researchers believe collocation is a challenge facing English language learners. Offer of a range of class work techniques and exercises to master collocating capabilities.
The article discusses one argument in favor of descriptive theory of reference of proper names against the theory of direct reference which appeals to a famous example of the ship of Theseus. The author defends the latter theory by means of distinguishing the object of direct reference and its principles of individuation. The argument is discussed with reference to the works of H. Chandler, L. Linsky, S. Kripke, N. Salmon and other theorists.
This is an interdisciplinary volume that focuses on the central topic of the representation of events, namely cross-cultural differences in representing time and space, as well as various aspects of the conceptualisation of space and time. It brings together research on space and time from a variety of angles, both theoretical and methodological. Crossing boundaries between and among disciplines such as linguistics, psychology, philosophy, or anthropology forms a creative platform in a bold attempt to reveal the complex interaction of language, culture, and cognition in the context of human communication and interaction.
The authors address the nature of spatial and temporal constructs from a number of perspectives, such as cultural specificity in determining time intervals in an Amazonian culture, distinct temporalities in a specific Mongolian hunter community, Russian-specific conceptualisation of temporal relations, Seri and Yucatec frames of spatial reference, memory of events in space and time, and metaphorical meaning stemming from perception and spatial artefacts, to name but a few themes.
The volume is a collection of papers devoted to the expression of motion concepts in various languages which were written by The authors of the volume include researchers in linguistics, computer science, psychology and cognitive science.
It is stated in the article that the use of techniques of the lexical approach in a university foreign language course, in particular, an English for Academic Purposes course, contributes to the development of lexical competence. As lexical competence is an integral part of linguistic and, therefore, communicative competence, it constitutes one of the criteria in international examinations, and it is necessary to master it to effectively function in academic settings. The principles and techniques within the approach are outlined, examples from authored textbooks are provided. The activities include tasks on the recognition and use of collocations, synonyms and antonyms, discourse markers, and also word formation. In addition, some techniques which allow teachers to implement the lexical approach with existing materials or encourage learners to work autonomously are suggested. It is concluded, that when the lexical approach is implemented alongside with other approaches and methodologies it gives a teacher instruments to enrich students' language repertoire alongside with providing students with strategies of autonomous work and lexical items for functioning in academic contexts.
In this article we present the results of research into discourse features characterising a lexico-semantic group of synonyms denoting a human being: human being, person, individual, personality and man. The main tool for analysis was language corpora, which made it possible not only to determine more precisely the functional styles the lexemes tend to be used in, but also to describe thematic characteristics of the texts in which the analysed lexical units show the highest frequency of use