Эффективность информационного исследования: модели и методы оценки
The author generalizes the main models and methods of efficiency evaluation in communications companies, and enumerates most frequent problems emerging in this area, in particular in a situation of a governmental body as customer.
In this paper, we consider the minimizing total weighted completion time in preemptive equal-length job with release dates scheduling problem on a single machine. This problem is known to be open. Here, we give some properties of optimal schedules for the problem and its special cases.
Consideration was given to a graphic realization of the method of dynamic programming. Its concept was demonstrated by the examples of the partition and knapsack problems. The proposed method was compared with the existing algorithms to solve these problems.
In a fast changing global economy governed by Enterprise Services and the Future Internet, enterprises and virtual factories will self-organize in distributed, interoperable, innovation Ecosystems where the issues of Enterprise Interoperability need to be solved in a multi-view of information, services and processes throughout Enterprise Networks.
We present robustness of the firm as an uninterrupted exchange of resources between the firm and owners of resources - stakeholders. We derive the model on the mutually accepted conditions of exchanges for the major resources and indicate the firm's limits to manipulate the exchange conditions. We also argue that temporary benevolent behavior of the firms towards one or several its stakeholders leads to accumulation of stakeholders' quasi-rent and contributes to the overall robustness of the firm.
This work looks at a model of spatial election competition with two candidates who can spend effort in order to increase their popularity through advertisement. It is shown that under certain condition the political programs of the candidates will be different. The work derives the comparative statics of equilibrium policy platform and campaign spending with respect the distribution of voter policy preferences and the proportionality of the electoral system. In particular, it is whown that the equilibrium does not exist if the policy preferences are distributed over too narrow an interval.
The article examines "regulatory requirements" as a subject of state control over business in Russia. The author deliberately does not use the term "the rule of law". The article states that a set of requirements for business is wider than the legislative regulation.
First, the article analyzes the regulatory nature of the requirements, especially in the technical field. The requirements are considered in relation to the rule of law. The article explores approaches to the definition of regulatory requirements in Russian legal science. The author analyzes legislation definitions for a set of requirements for business. The author concludes that regulatory requirements are not always identical to the rule of law. Regulatory requirements are a set of obligatory requirements for entrepreneurs’ economic activity. Validation failure leads to negative consequences.
Second, the article analyzes the problems of the regulatory requirements in practice. Lack of information about the requirements, their irrelevance and inconsistency are problems of the regulatory requirements in Russia.
Many requirements regulating economic activity are not compatible with the current development level of science and technology. The problems are analyzed on the basis of the Russian judicial practice and annual monitoring reports by Higher School of Economics.
Finally, the author provides an approach to the possible solution of the regulatory requirements’ problem. The author proposes to create a nationwide Internet portal about regulatory requirements. The portal should contain full information about all regulatory requirements. The author recommends extending moratorium on the use of the requirements adopted by the bodies and organizations of the former USSR government.