The vertical propagation of acoustic waves in the inhomogeneous compressible atmosphere has been studied in the framework of the linear theory of ideal hydrodynamics. It has been shown that the initial equations under certain conditions can be reduced to the Klein–Gordon equation with constant coefficients. Its solutions describe traveling waves with a variable amplitude and wavenumber that are not reflected in the atmosphere despite its strong inhomogeneity. The wave energy flux at such reflectionless profiles holds, providing the possibility of the energy transfer to high altitudes. It has been shown that the Standard Earth Atmosphere is approximated well by four reflectionless profiles withsmall jumps in the gradient of the speed of sound. It is found that the Earth’s atmosphere is almost transparent in a wide frequency range; this feature explains the observation data and conclusions made on the basis of numerical solutions in the framework of the initial equations.
The vertical wave propagation in an inhomogeneous compressible atmosphere is studied in the framework of a linear theory. Under specific conditions imposed on atmospheric parameters, solutions can be found in the form of travelling waves with variable amplitudes and wave numbers that do not reflect in the atmosphere in spite of its strong inhomogeneity. Model representations for the sound speed have been found, for which waves can propagate in the atmosphere without reflection. A wave energy flux retains these reflectionless profiles, which confirms that energy can be transferred to high altitudes. The number of these model representations is fairly large, which makes it possible to approximate real vertical distributions of the sound speed in the Earth's atmosphere using piecewise reflectionless profiles. The Earth's standard atmosphere is shown to be well approximated by four reflectionless profiles with weak jumps in the sound speed gradient. It has been established that the Earth's standard atmosphere is almost completely transparent for the considered vertical acoustic waves in a wide range of frequencies, which is confirmed by observational data and conclusions derived using numerical solutions of original equations.
The possibility that vertical acoustic waves with frequencies lower than the cutoff frequency corresponding to the temperature minimum pass this minimum is investigated. It is shown that the averaged temperature profile in the solar atmosphere can be approximated by several so-called reflectionless profiles on which the acoustic waves propagate without internal reflection. The possibility of the penetration of vertical acoustic waves, including low-frequency ones, into the solar corona is explained in this way.
The dynamics of a two-component Davydov-Scott (DS) soliton with a small mismatch of the initial location or velocity of the high-frequency (HF) component was investigated within the framework of the Zakharov-type system of two coupled equations for the HF and low-frequency (LF) fields. In this system, the HF field is described by the linear Schrödinger equation with the potential generated by the LF component varying in time and space. The LF component in this system is described by the Korteweg-de Vries equation with a term of quadratic influence of the HF field on the LF field. The frequency of the DS soliton`s component oscillation was found analytically using the balance equation. The perturbed DS soliton was shown to be stable. The analytical results were confirmed by numerical simulations.
Radiation conditions are described for various space regions, radiation-induced effects in spacecraft materials and equipment components are considered and information on theoretical, computational, and experimental methods for studying radiation effects are presented. The peculiarities of radiation effects on nanostructures and some problems related to modeling and radiation testing of such structures are considered.
Let G be a semisimple algebraic group whose decomposition into the product of simple components does not contain simple groups of type A, and P⊆G be a parabolic subgroup. Extending the results of Popov , we enumerate all triples (G, P, n) such that (a) there exists an open G-orbit on the multiple flag variety G/P × G/P × . . . × G/P (n factors), (b) the number of G-orbits on the multiple flag variety is finite.
I give the explicit formula for the (set-theoretical) system of Resultants of m+1 homogeneous polynomials in n+1 variables