Меры государственной поддержки металлургической отрасли России в условиях финансово-экономического кризиса
Many environmental stimuli present a quasi-rhythmic structure at different timescales that the brain needs to decompose and integrate. Cortical oscillations have been proposed as instruments of sensory de-multiplexing, i.e., the parallel processing of different frequency streams in sensory signals. Yet their causal role in such a process has never been demonstrated. Here, we used a neural microcircuit model to address whether coupled theta–gamma oscillations, as observed in human auditory cortex, could underpin the multiscale sensory analysis of speech. We show that, in continuous speech, theta oscillations can flexibly track the syllabic rhythm and temporally organize the phoneme-level response of gamma neurons into a code that enables syllable identification. The tracking of slow speech fluctuations by theta oscillations, and its coupling to gamma-spiking activity both appeared as critical features for accurate speech encoding. These results demonstrate that cortical oscillations can be a key instrument of speech de-multiplexing, parsing, and encoding.
Accompanying publication the Conference Proceedings volume edited by prof. Nada Štrbac, dr Ivana Markovic and dr Ljubisa Balanovic was published by the University of Belgrade, Technical Faculty in Bor in 664 pages (hard cover, 17 x 24 cm, ISBN 978-86-6305-066-2). It includes 153 papers of 462 authors from 30 countries - Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, China, Croatia, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Hungary, India, Iran, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Libya, Macedonia, México, Montenegro, Norway, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Turkey, USA and Serbia.
Paper is devoted to the analysis of impact of foreign trade and antitrust policies on development of competition and the position of domestic buyers of Russian metal products. It presents a stylized description of the development of the Russian metallurgy over 25-year period, considering the peculiarities of industry, which influence the problems of competition policy; paper describes the application of competition and foreign trade policies in the industry, taking into account relationships with industry structure. It illustrates the problem of trade-off between an increased competitiveness in world market and consumers protection within the country in relation to industries with the dominance of large exporters. The analysis revealed contradictions in pursued policy: approval of mergers that might restrict competition in the markets of metal products in Russia, and relatively high level of import protection are not consistent with regular investigations of violation of antitrust legislation by Russian metal producers, based on harm imposed to domestic consumers.
The ХХV International scientific – technical conference “Foundry 2018” was held of the 18-20 April 2018 at “Rostov” hotel in the city of Pleven, Bulgaria. Its aim is to provide a meeting place for scholars from different countries to present their scientific achievements and to discuss the problems of casting production.
The article presents the results of evaluation of changing the import duty resulting from Russia's WTO accession levels on basic metals commodities on their import volume. Combining qualitative analysis of import dynamics and results of proposed import elesticity evaluation methodology allowed to determine the most sensitive commodity groups and commodity groups which could be the primary targets for import substitution.
The article analyzes practical aspects of tactical planning process implementation using the methods and mathematical programming models at pipe producer.
A review of terminology, including terminology of basic concepts of supply chain management - SCOR and GSCF is provided. The importance of organizing effective tactical planning at industrial enterprises in connection with the ongoing trend in the complexity of the material, financial and information flows in their supply chains is highlighted.
Overview of past and present of Russian pipe producer as well as an overview of its development programs are provided. A key risk of the development program is defined as unsynchronized and unbalanced flow of materials through the supply chain. This notes the need for organizing effective tactical planning.
The analysis of the traditional process of tactical planning and its relationship with other levels of planning is conducted. Problem areas were identified. The basic principles of advanced tactical planning process are defined, including: feasibility of the plans; holistic view of the supply chain; optimality; performance.
Tactical modelling technology of supply chain is defined. The recommendations for the organization of an iterative approach for the creation of a model are provided, which is the gradual complication of the model as the implementation phases of the project. The results of the zero phase of the project at the pipe company are presented.
In conclusion, there are the results achieved in the whole pipe company, recommendations for the implementation of improvements.
One of the key advances in genome assembly that has led to a significant improvement in contig lengths has been improved algorithms for utilization of paired reads (mate-pairs). While in most assemblers, mate-pair information is used in a post-processing step, the recently proposed Paired de Bruijn Graph (PDBG) approach incorporates the mate-pair information directly in the assembly graph structure. However, the PDBG approach faces difficulties when the variation in the insert sizes is high. To address this problem, we first transform mate-pairs into edge-pair histograms that allow one to better estimate the distance between edges in the assembly graph that represent regions linked by multiple mate-pairs. Further, we combine the ideas of mate-pair transformation and PDBGs to construct new data structures for genome assembly: pathsets and pathset graphs.