Мониторинг нормативных правовых актов: природа, структура, проблемы регламентации
The article outlines new contracts, regulating social relations on railway transport in the light of the current structural reform of this mode of transport. The aim of this reform is to provide a smooth economically sound transition of the natural monopolist - the railway service - to the market economy environment. However, the implementation of the reform has been downplayed. This can be explained by the fact that Russian Railways (RZD) have been maintaining their functions as the carrier while simultaneously handling the infrastructure facilities as the proprietor of both the infrastructure per se and the rolling stock. In the current laws these functions are to be executed by different subjects on a contractual basis, what has been shown in the paper. New contracts mentioned in the article must get legal framework in relation to other modes of transport.
Monograph is devoted to the functional activity of the ministries of the Russian Empire on the creation of normative acts of subordinate regulatory and legislative character. In the work the traditions of the development of historical forms of regulatory rule-making are determined. The place of the ministries in the implementation of the legislative process of the Russian Empire is denoted. The problems of correlation of normative competence of the ministries and of other subjects of law-making activities of the Russian state in 19 - the beginning of 20 century, including the monarch, the State Council and the State Duma are explored.
The publication is addressed to researchers, students, postgraduate students, teachers of high school, all interested in the problems of law, management and lawmaking.
Lawmaking of courts is objectively generated by the nature of the criminal law. Russian law differs from case law and is in need of improvement by the way of wider publication of judicial decisions and the content of their positions.
"10.07.27 Философские проблемы государства и права
10.07.31 Социология права
10.07.61 Теория права
10.09.91 История государства и права отдельных стран
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/