Minimal basis of the symmetry algebra for three-frequency resonance
An explicit description of a finite minimal basis of generators is given for the algebra of symmetries of a generic quantum three-frequency resonance oscillator.
The algebra of symmetries of a quantum resonance oscillator in the case of three and more frequencies is described using a finite (minimal) basis of generators and polynomial relations. For this algebra, we construct quantum leaves with complex structure (an analog of classical symplectic leaves) and a quantum K¨ahlerian 2-form, a reproducing measure, as well as the corresponding irreducible representations and coherent states.
For the 3:(-1) resonance Penning trap, we describe the algebra of symmetries which turns out to be a non-Lie algebra with cubic commutation relations. The irreducible representations and coherent states of this algebra are constructed explicitly. The perturbing inhomogeneous magnetic field of Ioffe type, after double quantum averaging, generates an effective Hamiltonian of the trap. In the irreducible representation, this Hamiltonian becomes a second-order ordinary differential operator of the Heun type.
A model for organizing cargo transportation between two node stations connected by a railway line which contains a certain number of intermediate stations is considered. The movement of cargo is in one direction. Such a situation may occur, for example, if one of the node stations is located in a region which produce raw material for manufacturing industry located in another region, and there is another node station. The organization of freight traﬃc is performed by means of a number of technologies. These technologies determine the rules for taking on cargo at the initial node station, the rules of interaction between neighboring stations, as well as the rule of distribution of cargo to the ﬁnal node stations. The process of cargo transportation is followed by the set rule of control. For such a model, one must determine possible modes of cargo transportation and describe their properties. This model is described by a ﬁnite-dimensional system of diﬀerential equations with nonlocal linear restrictions. The class of the solution satisfying nonlocal linear restrictions is extremely narrow. It results in the need for the “correct” extension of solutions of a system of diﬀerential equations to a class of quasi-solutions having the distinctive feature of gaps in a countable number of points. It was possible numerically using the Runge–Kutta method of the fourth order to build these quasi-solutions and determine their rate of growth. Let us note that in the technical plan the main complexity consisted in obtaining quasi-solutions satisfying the nonlocal linear restrictions. Furthermore, we investigated the dependence of quasi-solutions and, in particular, sizes of gaps (jumps) of solutions on a number of parameters of the model characterizing a rule of control, technologies for transportation of cargo and intensity of giving of cargo on a node station.