Проблемы повышения эффективности бюджетных расходов и оценка использования финансовых ресурсов в условиях реформирования бюджетной сферы
Article gives a description of the principles of budget law: as a whole, and each principle. The role of the common law and constitutional principles was shown. Author coherently defined the principles of establishing budget revenues and expenditures, the budget system's structure and the implementation of the budget process. For the first time in Russian scientific researches it was presented an integrated system of principles, including the principles of budget law, either related or not related to the budget legislation, however, derived from history, international experience, documents of international financial organizations and doctrinal sources.
The review provides a detailed analysis of main trends in Russia's economy in 2013. The paper contains 6 big sections that highlight single aspects of Russia's economic development: the socio-political context; the monetary and credit spheres; financial sphere; the real sector; social sphere; institutional challenges. The paper employs a huge mass of statistical data that forms the basis of original computation and numerous charts.
The author has analyzed transformation of norms of the Budget code of the Russian Federation, the frequency and size of its amendments, has revealed a problem of excess instability of its norms, which is connected with the period of intensive economic reforms and high economic dependence on global economic conditions. It considerably complicates the practice of application of the budgetary legislation, leads to a conflict and reduces the overall effectiveness of the Government of the Russian Federation activities. The obtained results have allowed the author to come to the conclusions concerning the causes of the current situation in the sphere of the budgetary legislation. The importance of the analysis gives the ongoing work on the preparation of a new version of the Budget code of the Russian Federation. Some suggestions of the author will allow the norms of the Budget code of the Russian Federation in the future to be more clear, systematic, predictable and stable.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.