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## Dynamical Weyl groups and equivariant cohomology of transversal slices on affine Grassmannians

Let G be a reductive group and let ·G be its Langlands dual. We give an interpretation of the dynamical Weyl group of ·G de¯ned in [5] in terms of the geometry of the a±ne Grassmannian Gr of G. In this interpretation the dynamical parameters of [5] correspond to equivariant parameters with respect to certain natural torus acting on Gr. We also present a conjectural generalization of our results to the case of a±ne Kac-Moody groups.

Let G be an almost simple simply connected complex Lie group, and let G/U be its base affine space. In this paper we formulate a conjecture which provides a new geometric interpretation of the Macdonald polynomials associated to G via perverse coherent sheaves on the scheme of formal arcs in the affinizationof G/U. We prove our conjecture for G=SL(N) using the so called Laumon resolution of the space of quasimaps. In the course of the proof we also give a K-theoretic version of the main result of Negut.

We consider the space $X_h$ of Hermitian matrices having staircase form and the given simple spectrum. There is a natural action of a compact torus on this space. Using generalized Toda flow, we show that $X_h$ is a smooth manifold and its smooth type is independent of the spectrum. Morse theory is then used to show the vanishing of odd degree cohomology, so that $X_h$ is an equivariantly formal manifold. The equivariant and ordinary cohomology rings of $X_h$ are described using GKM-theory. The main goal of this paper is to show the connection between the manifolds $X_h$ and regular semisimple Hessenberg varieties well known in algebraic geometry. Both spaces $X_h$ and Hessenberg varieties form wonderful families of submanifolds in the complete flag variety. There is a certain symmetry between these families which can be generalized to other submanifolds of the flag variety.

A periodic tridiagonal matrix is a tridiagonal matrix with additional two entries at the corners. We study the space $X_{n,\lambda}$ of Hermitian periodic tridiagonal $n\times n$-matrices with a fixed simple spectrum $\lambda$. Using the discretized S\edt{c}hr\"{o}dinger operator we describe all spectra $\lambda$ for which $X_{n,\lambda}$ is a topological manifold. The space $X_{n,\lambda}$ carries a natural effective action of a compact $(n-1)$-torus. We describe the topology of its orbit space and, in particular, show that whenever the isospectral space is a manifold, its orbit space is homeomorphic to $S^4\times T^{n-3}$. There is a classical dynamical system: the flow of the periodic Toda lattice, acting on $X_{n,\lambda}$. Except for the degenerate locus $X_{n,\lambda}^0$, the Toda lattice exhibits Liouville--Arnold behavior, so that the space $X_{n,\lambda}\setminus X_{n,\lambda}^0$ is fibered into tori. The degenerate locus of the Toda system is described in terms of combinatorial geometry: its structure is encoded in the special cell subdivision of a torus, which is obtained from the regular tiling of the euclidean space by permutohedra. We apply methods of commutative algebra and toric topology to describe the cohomology and equivariant cohomology modules of $X_{n,\lambda}$.

A toric origami manifold is a generalization of a symplectic toric manifold (or a toric symplectic manifold). The origami symplectic form is allowed to degenerate in a good controllable way in contrast to the usual symplectic form. It is widely known that symplectic toric manifolds are encoded by Delzant polytopes, and the cohomology and equivariant cohomology rings of a symplectic toric manifold can be described in terms of the corresponding polytope. Recently, Holm and Pires described the cohomology of a toric origami manifold M/T when

The dynamics of a two-component Davydov-Scott (DS) soliton with a small mismatch of the initial location or velocity of the high-frequency (HF) component was investigated within the framework of the Zakharov-type system of two coupled equations for the HF and low-frequency (LF) fields. In this system, the HF field is described by the linear Schrödinger equation with the potential generated by the LF component varying in time and space. The LF component in this system is described by the Korteweg-de Vries equation with a term of quadratic influence of the HF field on the LF field. The frequency of the DS soliton`s component oscillation was found analytically using the balance equation. The perturbed DS soliton was shown to be stable. The analytical results were confirmed by numerical simulations.

Radiation conditions are described for various space regions, radiation-induced effects in spacecraft materials and equipment components are considered and information on theoretical, computational, and experimental methods for studying radiation effects are presented. The peculiarities of radiation effects on nanostructures and some problems related to modeling and radiation testing of such structures are considered.

This proceedings publication is a compilation of selected contributions from the “Third International Conference on the Dynamics of Information Systems” which took place at the University of Florida, Gainesville, February 16–18, 2011. The purpose of this conference was to bring together scientists and engineers from industry, government, and academia in order to exchange new discoveries and results in a broad range of topics relevant to the theory and practice of dynamics of information systems. Dynamics of Information Systems: Mathematical Foundation presents state-of-the art research and is intended for graduate students and researchers interested in some of the most recent discoveries in information theory and dynamical systems. Scientists in other disciplines may also benefit from the applications of new developments to their own area of study.

A form for an unbiased estimate of the coefficient of determination of a linear regression model is obtained. It is calculated by using a sample from a multivariate normal distribution. This estimate is proposed as an alternative criterion for a choice of regression factors.