Методология расчета потока инвестиций для оценки истинной стоимости компании
The article discusses prospects of future developments in the field of Russian investment law. The author analyses new laws «On investment partnerships» and «On usiness partnerships», as well as certain draft laws. The author also deals with the perspectives of legal regulation of public-private partnerships as part of investment law.
The paper analyzes the foreign experience in estimating investment process efficiency and its applicability in the Russian conditions. The author examines the methodology of calculating investment efficiency by means of static and dynamic techniques and shows their strengths and weaknesses.
In the article are considered various approaches to the problem of the choice of investments' level of the company: a number of the factors which influence the investment activity of the company is revealed; influence of return on investments (ROI) on the investment policy is analysed. The review of economic researches on determinants of investment policy of the companies is studied, various approaches to calculation of ROI are considered. The basic steps and results of the empirical research based on the russian companies' data are presented.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.