Проблемы многокритериальной оптимизации запасов с учетом рисков
For problems of a choice of the best decision at stock management by many criteria, the illustration of phenomena of inadequate optimization in a format of traditional methods is given. Necessity of working out of new approaches to optimization is underlined to give the chance to the manager to eliminate such phenomena.
This paper gives an account of stock management approaches evaluation. Also much attention is given to products group that have district demand.
The technique of creation of imitating model of planning potrebno is considered сти in spare parts for repair and equipment service (in particular, cars). As basis for creation of model the stream of refusals and function vosstano undertakes vleniye. Further on the basis of laws of distribution of random variables of practices between refusals calculate number of refusals for the planned period and planned the consumer nost in spare parts, according to a standard method. It is offered also at creation of model of a stream of refusals of a rolling stock of motor transport to consider a complex of repair influences which treat: major maintenance unit, major maintenance of the car, write-off of the unit or write-off. The concrete example of modeling of a non-stationary stream of refusals is shown is put pour the car Monte Carlo's method.
For problems of a choice of the best decision at management of purchases by many criteria, the illustration of phenomena of inadequate optimization in a format of traditional methods is given. Necessity of working out of new approaches to optimization is underlined to give the chance to the manager to eliminate such phenomena.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management