Среда для инновационной деятельности в области ИТ и телекоммуникаций: состояние и перспективы
Growth model based on innovations is a key factor of global competitiveness in the modern world on the post-industrial stage of development. State effortsareinneedtosupportcreationofthe efficient institutes of the knowledge-basedeconomy butthe state financing of innovation companies should not demotivate private business to take an active part in the innovation development and to catalyze the business (taking a part of its risks) instead of replacing venture capital with the budget subsidies.
Nowdays normative legal acts adopting by the government are aimed at improving the efficiency of public expenditures, associated with the stimulation of economic development. A lot of new budgetary tools are entered in our economy. Nevertheles, practical implementation of new mechanisms and tools is enough slow. This situation focuses on the efficiency of public expendirures of all budgetary levels. In accordance with the global experience, the drastic increase of the efficiency and impact of pulic expenditures can be achieved only by the way of creating the modern system of financial management in government, one of the most important part of which is an internal control and audit.
Problems of international and global sciense, economics of sciense, innovation and sciense polysies.
The 6th International Conference on Theory and Practice of Electronic Governance, ICEGOV2012, was organized in Albany, New York, United States (US) from the 22nd to the 25th of October 2012, hosted by the Center for Technology in Government, University at Albany, State University of New York under the patronage of the United States National Archives and Record Administration. The ICEGOV (International Conference on Theory and Practice of Electronic Governance) series focuses on the use of technology to transform relationships between government and citizens, businesses, civil society and other arms of government (Electronic Governance).
One of the latest initiatives of the government innovation policy is the proposal for state-owned companies concerning the formation of innovation development programs. The ultimate goal of these programs is to increase the efficiency of state-owned companies and the demand for their products. In particular, state companies can use different mechanisms for the improvement of their innovation development and to increase the share of output of innovative products in the total output. Among these mechanisms we distinguish technology platforms, clusters, venture funds, cooperation with universities etc.
For the development of technological innovations it is essential to ensure competent and modern commercialization within the framework of balanced business models. Multifactor cluster analysis of business models of contemporary high-technology companies and industries shows that the most effective commercialization emanate in the framework of four basic models. Company's profitability does not depend directly on the level of its technologies, but is determined by the quality of these business models. Besides trends in high-technology industries demonstrate raising segmentation and differentiation of markets and more frequent utilization of value network models.
The article raises question of reviewing the innovative systems in the Russian Federation. Problems of introduction of innovations are raised and the existing difficulties and prospects of development of innovative systems in Russia are considered.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.