The paper considers forming of the indicator methods of the Russian regions information technology resources estimation and the comparative analysis of theirs condition, level and development tendencies. Authors develop the resource approach to formation of the multilevel indicators system on the basis of generalization of theoretical development in this area along with the international practices and domestic experience, which allows estimating the range and the consequences of the use of the information-communication technologies as a source of the economical and social transformations. The efficiency of the regional policy in the field of informatization can be evaluated by the integral information index considering key parameters of such kinds of resources as hardware, software, IT-services level and telecommunication technologies deployment. The report also contains the results of the estimation and comparative analysis of the information technology resources in the regions of Russia. Aforementioned results are based on the statistics of the significant sample of objects over the 2003-2005 years period.
Resources of the basic information subsystems are analysed from the point of view of their conformity to needs of national innovative system. Features of development of the information market and his law are considered.
We analyze patterns of development of modem information systems in terms of requirements for the IT-resources. We propose as a way of solving problems in high performance computing principles union of three promising concepts: the concept of GRID for the integration of distributed IT-resources, the concept of cloud computing to provide flexibility in their provision and the REST architectural style services simplified creation of a distributed infrastructure.
Now there are various kinds of licence agreements on use of the computer programs which distinction consists in volume of the rights transferred to the user of the program. To classify kinds of agreements it is possible as: licence agreements on programs with an open code and licence agreements on programs with the closed code. Given article also is devoted to the analysis of basic distinctions.
Growth model based on innovations is a key factor of global competitiveness in the modern world on the post-industrial stage of development. State effortsareinneedtosupportcreationofthe efficient institutes of the knowledge-basedeconomy butthe state financing of innovation companies should not demotivate private business to take an active part in the innovation development and to catalyze the business (taking a part of its risks) instead of replacing venture capital with the budget subsidies.
In the past decades Foresight has been significantly developed as a tool for long-term forecasting in the field of power generation and energy efficiency. Such research aims at investigation of the most promising innovation strategies in this area, identifying various (including alternative) ways to achieve technological and market goals with the participation of best qualified experts. Such Foresight method as Roadmapping is widespread in the world practice. It helps to shape complex and interrelated views on prospects of innovation development in specific areas of energy efficiency, it links R&D programmes with creation of technologies and products, as well as their subsequent commercialization. The paper provides an overview of the world Foresight experience aimed at creating vision of the future and building innovation strategies related to energy efficiency. Special attention is paid to the Russian research practice, in particular to different types of Foresight projects implemented by the specialists of State University - Higher School of Economics. The authors describe the results of main projects dedicated to shape the future of energy-efficient technologies and to develop of innovation strategies on their application.