Elements of satellite quantum network
Long-distance quantum key distribution (QKD) is a critical component of a quantum network. When network users are within a city, they often use existing telecommunication fiber-optic networks. This method is problematic for QKD on a large scale between cities and countries. Direct connecting of distant consumers with quantum single-photon lines is not possible, because optical fiber involves attenuation. This problem is addressed by constructing a large number of trusted intermediate nodes, but there are concerns with the reliability of each node. To increase the quantum network's dependability, a method of building a satellite quantum network is actively developing. The only one trusted satellite node is required for satellite QKD between any two points on the Earth's surface. Furthermore, a satellite quantum link can also be utilized to add another communication channel in the existing fiber-optic networks that are thousands of kilometers apart. We describe the creation of ground infrastructure elements for receiving single photons in various polarization quantum states from satellites. Ground-based receiving nodes are based on two telescopes with an aperture of 1.2 m and 0.6 m located in remote cities.