Практика отбора инвестиционных проектов для целей бюджетного финансирования
There is a common opinion in Russian business practice that writing business plans is an easy task with the help of COMFAR or Project Expert softwears, and it is not a big deal to compare different business plans once project financial summaries are available. However, one crucial issue is missing in such approach. Business-plan is an intellectual product, reflecting private investor interests, skills and experience. It is also a perishable product as its financial summaries are based on current economic assumptions. Tomorrow there will be new assumptions and accordingly new business plan summary is required. As such, private business implementation of modern technologies, best business practices and environment protection are among the most important criteria in state budget financing process but not a formal benchmarking of investment plans.
The paper focuses on modernization of the Russian national innovation system under conditions of the emerging "new economy", determined by transformation of innovations, information technology and education into key factors of economic growth. Analysis of specifics of the S&T and innovation sector is provided from the viewpoint of its consistence with the requirements of the economy and society. Potential measures of its reforming are formulated, e.g. required institutional changes, reorganization of the public budget system, stimulation of technology commercialization and innovation activity.
The article describes the principle of selection parameters model item of electronic equipment, which are to be changed in the optimization process most effectively improves the ratio of price-quality electronic equipment
In the analytical material prepared by the Institute of public resource management, HSE, analyzed comparable from year to year indicators of budget spending by industry socio-cultural sphere. Used materials of the Ministry of Finance, Ministry of economic development of Russia, Federal Treasury, Federal state statistics service, Eurostat and analytical materials of the Institute of public resource management,HSE. The publication is aimed at a wide range of readers; researchers, University professors, representatives Federal and regional authorities, who in their professional activities interested in issues of development of the socio-cultural sphere, as well as students and postgraduates.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.