Информационно-статистический мониторинг изобретательской активности РАН на основе патентных информационных ресурсов
Principles of information-statistical monitoring and indicator evaluation of inventive activity using patent databases are considered. Implementation of the suggested principles to monitoring is performed to analyze the inventive activity of Russian Academy of Science (RAS) and its institutes.
The article deals with the statistical analysis of results of the scientific and technical activity, based on the data of patent statistics. This analysis allows to judge tendencies and level national technological development, structure, directions and intensity of commercialization of knowledge. In article the detailed analysis of patent activity which are carried out by the organizations of a scientific and technical complex is resulted.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.