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Regular version of the site
Of all publications in the section: 58
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Article
Голиченко О. Г., Самоволева С. А. Экономическая наука современной России. 2013. Т. 61. № 2. С. 114-127.

The approach to analyse innovation risks and their factors is proposed. This approach gives opportunities to take into account a sufficiently complete set of factors and risks of innovation activity and obtain their component-wise evaluation. It based on а five-stage procedure. At the first stage, the system of innovation activity factors is determined. This system is divided into two subsystems. One of them includes factors that are directly related to the innovation activity. The other subsystem encompasses the events arising from framework conditions of innovation activity. Further, on the next stages, the factors that have a negative impact on innovation activity are identified; statistic data completeness is provided for factors measurement; the ranking procedure takes places. The final stage leads to the construction of a map of risks and risk factors. The mapping of risks and risk factors allows determining the innovation bottlenecks. It allows to elaborate policy measures (at both state and enterprise levels) mitigating, and compensating for, risks of innovation activity and to organize these measures into a complex system.

Added: Nov 21, 2013
Article
Акаев А. А. Экономическая наука современной России. 2014. № 2. С. 34-45.

In this paper we study the impact of fossil fuels (coal, oil and gas) on global growth. Moreover, we consider only the fundamental factors - the cost of production, depletion and substitution of fossil hydrocarbon energy resources.

It was obtained approximate analytical formulas describing the rental fee and the cost of production and the degree of depletion in two stages: the first (1820-1950),  when production costs were negligible in comparison with the rent, and the second - after 2000,  when on the contrary, the costs of energy production prevail and converted  into the category of limited exhaustible natural resources (ENR ).

On the base of  Dubovsky production function, considering the influence of ENR, was  obtained projections of the impact of hydrocarbon energy resources on  world economic development in the XXI century. Also was calculated the dynamics of changes the value of hydrocarbon resources in GDP. It is shown that the share of expenditure on the hydrocarbon energy in GDP due to fundamental factors do not exceed the allowable 5% of GDP for the whole XXI century.

Added: Oct 21, 2015
Article
Коссов В. В. Экономическая наука современной России. 2014. № 3. С. 103-110.
Added: Jan 20, 2015
Article
Матвеенко В. Д. Экономическая наука современной России. 2012. № 1. С. 30-48.

In a model of economic growth with three-factor production functions it is shown that economic growth rate in a resource-dependent economy depends on the distribution of income between «owners» of production factors - labour, capital, and natural production resources. Considering the constraints on distribution of income superposed by a possible conflict in the social groups apropos a choice of technologies and distribution of income.

Added: Aug 31, 2012
Article
Тореев В. Б. Экономическая наука современной России. 2010. № 1. С. 74-83.

In the article the author considers the factors, governing by people coming in a small business. These factors can vary depending on the social and economic situation. The author estimates an enterprise potential of the Russian society and analyzes the reasons on which people start to attend to business.

Added: Apr 12, 2013
Article
Московская А. А. Экономическая наука современной России. 2009. Т. 47. № 4. С. 107-120.

The dynamics of corporate compensation costs in Russia: does paternalism still matter? The article is devoted to the analysis of the post-reform dynamics of employer costs for employee compensation and to the changes in corporate benefit policy of the Russian companies. The comparative analysis of the Russian and the US statistics of the structure of employer costs are supported by the independent qualitative data, as well as the description of institutional upheavals in employment regulation and labor relations in Russia after 1992. There is no adequate economic and institutional base providing significant social support to employees in the Russian companies relevant to the soviet «paternalism» or «corporate social responsibility».

Added: Mar 13, 2010
Article
Явлинский Г. А. Экономическая наука современной России. 2003. № 4.
Added: Feb 6, 2015
Article
Гурков И. Б., Коссов В. В., Моргунов Е. Б. и др. Экономическая наука современной России. 2013. № 4. С. 76-93.

The extant literature acknowledges the role of overseas subsidiaries in the growth and development of multinational companies (MNCs). Such subsidiaries are viewed as critical players in the innovation process at MNCs. Although this topic has gained importance, it remains largely underresearched in the Russian context. This study aims to fill this gap byexamining the dynamics of the innovation process in the Russian-based subsidiaries of global MNCs. It seeks to explore and understand motivation and drivers of innovation, key participants, and impact and outcomes of innovation. The key element of the study is a metrics developed and used for observation and analysis of innovative practices in particular functional areas, namely marketing, production, human resource management. This metrics is based on two key parameters - the level of novelty of a particular innovative solution and the magnitude of change the solution requires in the respective functional area. We present qualitative findings from several case studies of Russian manufacturing subsidiaries of foreign MNCs, which indicate that innovations in production, marketing and human resource management are closely interrelated. In addition, such practices are centered on two major tasks - “continuous improvement” of already installed manufacturing facilities and necessary works related to acquisitions of local firms and greenfield investments. We postulate that successful application of “continuous improvement”, that leads simultaneously to an increase of quality of company’s products and to cost reduction serves as the major trigger for further corporate investments in Russia, either in the forms of acquisitions or in greenfield projects. In addition, our findings indicate that Russian subsidiaries are not only recipients of knowledge and technology developed elsewhere in the MNCs, but are active developers of innovative products and solutions that are later applied in other units of the respective MNCs. Such flow of reverse innovations seems to widen in the near future.

Added: Jan 14, 2014
Article
Гурков И. Б., Коссов В. В., Саидов З. Б. и др. Экономическая наука современной России. 2013. № 2,4. С. 76-87-76-93.

The extant literature acknowledges the role of overseas subsidiaries in the growth and development of multinational companies (MNCs). Such subsidiaries are viewed as critical players in the innovation process at MNCs. Although this topic has gained importance, it remains largely underresearched in the Russian context. This study aims to fill this gap byexamining the dynamics of the innovation process in the Russian-based subsidiaries of global MNCs. It seeks to explore and understand motivation and drivers of innovation, key participants, and impact and outcomes of innovation. The key element of the study is a metrics developed and used for observation and analysis of innovative practices in particular functional areas, namely marketing, production, human resource management. This metrics is based on two key parameters - the level of novelty of a particular innovative solution and the magnitude of change the solution requires in the respective functional area. We present qualitative findings from several case studies of Russian manufacturing subsidiaries of foreign MNCs, which indicate that innovations in production, marketing and human resource management are closely interrelated. In addition, such practices are centered on two major tasks - “continuous improvement” of already installed manufacturing facilities and necessary works related to acquisitions of local firms and greenfield investments. We postulate that successful application of “continuous improvement”, that leads simultaneously to an increase of quality of company’s products and to cost reduction serves as the major trigger for further corporate investments in Russia, either in the forms of acquisitions or in greenfield projects. In addition, our findings indicate that Russian subsidiaries are not only recipients of knowledge and technology developed elsewhere in the MNCs, but are active developers of innovative products and solutions that are later applied in other units of the respective MNCs. Such flow of reverse innovations seems to widen in the near future.

Added: Jul 27, 2013
Article
Акинфеева Е. В., Голиченко О. Г. Экономическая наука современной России. 2013. № 1. С. 46-71.

The paper studies the role of knowledge production in the scientific research organizations, universities and enterprises in the processes of setting up and functioning the technology parks. The authors propose a definition of technology park and describe its basic functions. They propose a classification of technology park based on the types of knowledge sources that shape its setting up process. The paper analyses functions that each type of knowledge source fulfills towards a technology park. Finally, the paper elicits the conditions for a technology park to function efficiently and identifies the causes of insufficient performance of the Russian technology park.

Added: Jul 12, 2013
Article
Бессонова О. Э. Экономическая наука современной России. 2008. № 4. С. 28-40.
Added: Apr 12, 2013
Article
Долгопятова Т. Г. Экономическая наука современной России. 1999. № 3. С. 49-63.

The article examines the specifics of small business sector institutional development in the transitional economy of Russia. It shows that small business adjustment has brought about a number of economic institutions, for example, business networks and vertically integrated structures. But business associations as a fully-fledged institution representing and protecting the interests of small business have not been established yet. Business ties and transactions are maintained through informal contracts, businessmen' personal relations. This practice has triggered the development of the shadow economy. A similar institutional development of the sector has had mainly negative results. The analysis has used the results of formalized surveys and in-depth interviews with entrepreneurs and small business managers held by IPSSA (with the participation of the article's author) in 1992 to 1998.

Added: Mar 29, 2013
Article
Архипова М. Ю., Хавансков В. А. Экономическая наука современной России. 2012. № 2. С. 117-129.

Principles of information-statistical monitoring and indicator evaluation of inventive activity using patent databases are considered. Implementation of the suggested principles to monitoring is performed to analyze the inventive activity of Russian Academy of Science (RAS) and its institutes.

Added: Oct 1, 2012
Article
Афанасьев А. А. Экономическая наука современной России. 2017. № 2. С. 142-146.

Conference of laureates and fellows of the academician Nikolai Fedorenko International Scientific Foundation of Economic Research 2017

Added: Jul 12, 2017
Article
Биджоян Д. С., Богданова Т. К. Экономическая наука современной России. 2017. Т. 79. № 4. С. 88-103.

In this paper, we propose an approach to take into account the impact of daily changing macroeconomic variables in the development of a model for the probability of revoking a license from Russian banks on the basis of their annual financial indicators. The essence of this approach is that to take into account the influence of macroeconomic variables it is proposed to use not the average value for the sample, but the median and the volatility characteristics: standard deviation and variance. Based on the annual financial performance of banks for the period from 2004 to 2015, as well as the values of macroeconomic variables, a logistic regression model for estimating the likelihood of license revocation from Russian banks was built. The volatility of macroeconomic variables is characterized by the variables "Standard deviation" and "Variance". The problem of eliminating multicollinearity between these variables is proposed to be solved by including in the model standardized values of the variable "Standard deviation" and their squares. An approach is proposed for determining the cutoff threshold in binary selection models, according to which the I and II types of errors are assigned different weights. In the function of determining the cut-off value, an external parameter α is introduced that characterizes the investor's attitude to the I type error (the operating bank is classified as a bank with a revoked license). Classification of banks into operating banks and banks with a revoked license is based on the obtained of the cut-off value, taking into account the selected value of α, at which the function of determining the cut-off value reaches a minimum.

Thus, the approach of taking into account the volatility indicators of macroeconomic variables proposed in the study made it possible to improve the quality of the model for forecasting the revocation of a license from a Russian bank. The model has a stronger predictive ability than models that take into account only the average values of the exchange rate of currencies and other macroeconomic variables.

Added: Feb 3, 2018
Article
Афанасьев А. А. Экономическая наука современной России. 2002. № 2. С. 17-36.
Added: Apr 2, 2013
Article
Акопов А. С. Экономическая наука современной России. 2004. № 3. С. 88-99.
Added: Oct 27, 2011
Article
Акопов А. С., Бекларян А. Л., Бекларян Л. А. и др. Экономическая наука современной России. 2016. Т. 72. № 1. С. 109-119.

Actual challenges of the ecological-economic system for the case study of the Republic of Armenia (RA) are considered in the paper. The simulation of the ecological-economic system based on methods of the agent-based modelling and the system-dynamics, which allowed designing the Ecological Map of RA, was created.  The important purpose of the suggested approach is to seek scenarios of a modernization of enterprises, which are main sources of the air pollution with simultaneous determining the effective strategy of the government regulation. The bi-criteria optimization problem of parameters of the ecological-economic system was formulated and solved for the case study of RA.

Added: May 19, 2016
Article
Ивашковская И. В. Экономическая наука современной России. 2008. № 3. С. 115-127.

The author examines how the principles for financial analysis of the company should be adjusted to the requirements of knowledge-based economy. The proposed model for strategic financial analysis is based on stakeholder value added creation (STVA). The model includes residual income criteria for evaluation of corporate performance, new framework for measuring the capital and financial assessment of corporate strategies. Finally, the stakeholder value added toolbox based on new financial measurers and non-financial indicators is introduced for STVA monitoring.

Added: Sep 30, 2012