Наука международного частного права: французская школа бартолистов XV-XVI вв.
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/
The paper measures the impact of influence of geographic distribution of local public goods facilities to market price for apartments at pre-owned market in Saint-Petersburg.
Task: currently interest in the study of historical aspects related to the formation of various legal institutions is increased. The least explored issues in the development of international law and international private law, including the article presents historical and legal analysis of the process of legal registration system of international relations in private law sphere, including with the direct participation of the Russian state.
Model: the study of historical and legal analysis of the process of formation of private international law in the Imperial period with the participation of the Russian state, based on primary sources: international legal instruments (treaties) concluded by Russia with different States for a specified period of time and acts of internal legislation regulating the corresponding sphere, and also the scientific works devoted to the study of relevant issues.
Conclusions: the Conducted historical and legal analysis, identified the main issues which have been subject to legal regulation in the international private law of the relevant period and identifies trends associated with the process of formation of private international law, describes the legal consolidation of the relevant provisions of the international treaties concluded by various, mainly European States as well as the ratio of provisions of international law acts of the Russian legislation.
Frameworks of research/possibility of subsequent use of results of scientific work: the study is limited to the time frame and scope of private international law that can be extended from the point of view of the chronological framework and areas of cooperation.
Social consequences: In systematic form, with links to primary sources, describes the process of becoming legal registration of interstate relations in the field of private law within a specified period of time, which makes a contribution to the study of the history of international law in General, including relevant political and legal processes.
Originality/value – the work can be used to study the history of state and law, private international law and other Sciences.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
The article touches upon a historical aspect of the struggle against a slave – trade in the Russian state in XVII – XIX centuries. The major attention is paid to the collaboration with the European countries concerning a struggle against a Negroes – trade. The main intergovernmental meetings on the solution of this problem are pointed in the article, they are: the Viennese congress, conferences in London, Ahen, Berlin, Brussel. The article throws the light upon intergovernmental measures on a Negroes – trade suppression and the fact that this process is announced criminal in accordance with the internal legislation
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter