К вопросу о сношениях с подчиненными местами в Российской империи второй половины XIX столетия
The forms of relations between central governmental and subordinated authorities, such as a circular order or decree, are considered. A positive and negative practice of such type of rulemaking is revealed. It is concluded that such enactments were most widely used in the ministerial praxis, playing a crucial role in the regulation of social relations both in the capital and provinces.
Russia’s policy towards Northeast Asia cannot be understood independently of its general Asian strategy, primarily its pivot to Asia, which has practically become an official policy after 2014. We are witnessing two contradictory tendencies in Washington and Seoul. The Trump administration seeks to assume a tougher stance on North Korea. At the same time, South Korea’s new government is likely to be more moderate towards Pyongyang. At the same time Russian experts expressed considerable hope.
The said article gives proof to the influence of contradictions for such different spheres of individual life as: an implementation of its life relations, intelligence life, self-knowledge and event-driven life filling. The article also generalizes that in the trend of life contradictions define changes of personality meaningfulness, development of knowledge on meaningful objects, formation of new I-stands with respect to life and also search and life limits expansion.
личность, мышление, отношения, противоречия, Самопознание, personality thought, Relations, contradiction, Self-knowledge
The author reviews the collective monograph that contains the results of the studies by the Center for African studies (Institute of World History, Russian Academy of Sciences) on relations between Russia and Africa in the XIX — early XXI century. He analyzes the content and principal ideas of the book’s four main sections and the individual chapters that make up them. The author also tries to evaluate the significance of this book for African studies and concludes that its importance is determined by the wide use of new archival materials and critical unbiased approach to historical data.
The first Russian translation of the documents that contain important information about the history of Malagasy Academy with commentaries.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.