Формирование субъектных качеств как механизм развития способностей учащихся
The paper presents the results of the study of subjective qualities as a basis for effective development of schoolchildren's abilities in the learning process. The author proposes an approach to the interpretation of the concepts of a subject and subjectivity, outlines approaches to the development of particular models of subjectivity, determining the effectiveness of various activities. The paper presents the model of subjectivity, which is manifested in the development of students' abilities, as well as the results of its empirical testing. The given workmay be of interest both in theoretical and applied aspects. The results of the study are of high relevance to the educational systems aimed at maximum effective development of students, selection and further workwith gifted children.
Reformation of supervisory control activity of the state in the framework of administrative rearrangements affected the system of municipal control. The analysis of updated legislation in the sphere of municipal control and its implementation is of great significance nowadays.
The book is devoted to problems of legislative, theoretical and judicial defining of subject of economic crimes in Russian and German criminal law in connection with legal persons. The authors analyze the current theoretical conceptions and case law and formulate proposals for improvement of present approaches. The special attention is given to liability of competitive manager for crimes committed in course of bankruptcy.
The object of study in this article is the socialization of the Freudian subject (individual) in the philosophical theories of French poststructuralists. The paper focuses primarily on the postfreudianism of Jacques Lacan, the desexualization of libido in his theory of symbolic, and the desidentification of I in the schizoanalysis created by Gilles Deleuze.
This article discusses the legend of Saint Alexius from the perspective of the “discovery of the individual,” an issue that for many decades has been intensively debated by historians of European culture.
It analyses polysemantic terms the subject, the personality, the selfhood and which form sincrets for example subjectivity of selfhood and etc. It reconstructs interpretation of these terms by G.G. Shpet, S.L. Rubinshtein, B.M. Teplov, A.N. Leontiev, etc. It affirms that the main theme of psychological investigation is the personality. On the ontological plane we have two ways of personality: down - to the subject - to a function or to collection of functions, to subject; and up - to the selfhood - to an ideal, to the limit of self-construction, to spirituality and freedom.
The book reveals the legal concepts of Russian society during the reign of Catherine the Great. The author analyzes the complex interrelationship between autocratic tradition and European enlightenment. She makes clear the concepts of the notions of the Russian language of the second half of the 18th century. This method allows us to trace the development of the institutions of and citizenship and subjection in Russia. The study is based on a wide range of sources - legislation, journalism, diaries, correspondence, memoirs, petitions and fiction. Elena Marasinova is the author of books on the history of the consciousness of the Russian nobility and the political history of Russia in the 18th century.
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.
This article describes the expierence of studying factors influencing the social well-being of educational migrants as mesured by means of a psychological well-being scale (A. Perrudet-Badoux, G.A. Mendelsohn, J.Chiche, 1988) previously adapted for Russian by M.V. Sokolova. A statistical analysis of the scale's reliability is performed. Trends in dynamics of subjective well-being are indentified on the basis the correlations analysis between the condbtbions of adaptation and its success rate, and potential mechanisms for developing subjective well-being among student migrants living in student hostels are described. Particular attention is paid to commuting as a factor of adaptation.