Преподавание экономики: есть ли альтернатива лекциям? (обзор подходов)
Russia's participation in the Bologna process led to the need to adapt training programs for bachelors, as well as teaching methods in accordance with the need to build bachelors’ core competencies in management studies. In these circumstances it is important for both teachers and students to change the form of joint participation in the process of delivering and acquiring knowledge. The teacher cannot only translate knowledge, since in this case students should behave as independently functioning and decision-making subjects. Otherwise, they will not be able to master the necessary competencies and will not possess the qualities necessary for managers. One solution to this problem is using interactive teaching methods, such as role-playing, case studies, videos, case studies, business games, design methods, and others. All these methods are aimed at the acquisition and interpretation of experience. The “Learning by Doing” approach, which is the basis for interactive technologies, opens great opportunities for semantic construction of the educational process and bringing it closer to real life. When doing the research, the authors developed a model of competencies that are formed during the "Developing Management Decisions" course. In the analysis of interactive methods we correlated competences that are to be formed at the end of the course and those formed by means of using interactive methods. Besides, the authors developed and tested some role-playing and simulation business games. We developed and tested the "Interactive Lecture" method; we formed a sufficient database of interactive methods that are obligatorily included in all seminars. Moreover, we conducted studies eliciting managerial qualities that undergraduate students possess before and after interactive classes. Finally, we reviewed and analyzed the dynamics of these changes.
The article is devoted to inclusion of the topic "parallel computing" in the school informatics . Some methodical materials prepared in the course of work on the "Permian version" of a propaedeutic course of computer science (the author team is M.A. Plaksin, N.I. Ivanova, O.L. Rusakova) are described.
Conference Selections is the quality, peer reviewed flagship publication which allows conference attendees and non-attendees alike, to look back at what the profession has been concerned with over the past year, and contains a wide selection of articles representing the main threads discussed at the 53rd international conference.
The following new scientific statements and methods are described: (a) why it is necessary to differentiate the methods of teaching in accordance with preponderant values of the learners: pragmatic (material) values or sublime (lofty) values; (b) how to split young children in two groups: children with preponderance of pragmatic values and with preponderance of sublime values; (c) how to differentiate the methods of teaching for each of these groups; (d) what is cognitive engagement of the learners and how to achieve it at lessons for educational success in case of each of two values-homogeneous groups. The paper presents a new look at the process of education when the values of the student act like a lighthouse for the teacher at the moment of presenting material and arranging the process of education, the process of acquiring knowledge. As a result, a new psychological and educational paradigm is presented. This new paradigm expands theoretical foundations of cognitonics - a new scientific discipline aiming at compensating the negative shifts in the cognitive-emotional development of personality and society caused by stormy progress of information and communication technologies and globalization processes.
The article considers methods to manage mixed ability groups. It point at advantages and disadvantages of each way of teaching. However, to achieve any results a method should be chosen in combination with open discussions on the lesson.
The collection seeks to address the folloing questions:
- How are teachers, students, researchers and administrators in the region working to further progressive writing pedagogy?
- What ideas about writing and writing instruction - both new and old, foreign and domestic - inform, assist or complicate this work?
- How does writing shape knowledge and practice within specific regional cultures, academic or otherwise? How might writing function as a bridge or barrier?
The audience of thei collection is the international writing studies community. In addressing the above questions within the Russian context, we hope to reveal points of connection between local experiences, and ultimately, help writing professionals all over the world better respond to the demands of globalisation.
The article is aimed at considering the key theoretical and practical approaches to teaching Russian as a foreign language. There is a brief description of the current situation regarding the functioning of Russian within the country and abroad as well as teachers’ role in promoting the language. The authors analyze the implementation of some teaching methods and techniques during the educational process and make some important conclusions based on interpreting the results of the survey conducted among foreign students.
Students' internet usage attracts the attention of many researchers in different countries. Differences in internet penetration in diverse countries lead us to ask about the interaction of medium and culture in this process. In this paper we present an analysis based on a sample of 825 students from 18 Russian universities and discuss findings on particularities of students' ICT usage. On the background of the findings of the study, based on data collected in 2008-2009 year during a project "A сross-cultural study of the new learning culture formation in Germany and Russia", we discuss the problem of plagiarism in Russia, the availability of ICT features in Russian universities and an evaluation of the attractiveness of different categories of ICT usage and gender specifics in the use of ICT.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.