Кто принимает решения в умном городе
This article focuses on the widespread but vague concept of the smart city. The smart city is a visionary projection, around which are an eclectic ensemble of often contradictory theoretical attitudes and doctrines that link urban development with the devel- opment of technology, especially digital technology. We argue that the work of the British cyberneticist Gordon Pask on the theory of “aesthetically charged environments” sheds light on a key aspect of the problem of the smart city. Pask emphasizes the fundamental dependence of the problem of human control and emotional interaction with the urban, technology-saturated environment, which still remains a blind spot for most researchers of the smart city. A critical analysis of modern ap- proaches to the smart city has shown that there are two crucial conditions for the success the smart city policy: 1) the increasing variety of algorithms and competition between technical devices; 2) not just total digitalization or the creation of a technological “framework”, but designing the city as a technological environment with a powerful emotional potential. The authors believe that the emotional and cultural-aesthetic dimension is only a barely outlined direction of future research on the smart city, digital technology, and engineering.