Степенные производственные функции комплексных переменных
The new economic-mathematical model based on complex variables theory and the new approach to complex variables usage in economics are suggested in the article. The comparison of modeling results of actual production processes using Cobb-Douglass production function and complex variables production function is conducted. It is shown that the instrumental base of economicmathematical methods can be widen with usage of complex variables theory.
Relation between curvature and the elasticity of substitution is the old question important for economic theory. Opinions of economists concerning presence or absence of a link between these two concepts radically diverge. Also now there is a steady trend of the use of the Arrow-Pratt coefficient of relative risk aversion and the coefficient of relative prudence as characteristics of utility functions and production functions even in non-stochastic models, and these two coefficients are also commonly interpreted as measures of curvature. The purpose of the paper is to contribute to clarification of the links between all these concepts. We suggest a simple unifying approach based on the notions of prototype functions and osculating curves. In framework of this approach we easily derive the classic geometric curvature and show the relations between the Arrow-Pratt coefficient, the prudence coefficient, the elasticity and the elasticity of substitution. As an example, demonstrating the role of such relations in economic models, we study a simple macroeconomic model with a non-homothetic production function.
Object: Modeling and analysis of production function for branches of Russian industry. Methods: correlated and regression analysis. Results: Three production functions were constructed: for manufacturing industry, for extractive industry and for production and distribution electricity, gas and water. The analysis of the coefficients shows that the main growth factor of manufacturing industry is labor. For the extractive industry a role of capital is more important. Scientific newness: Production functions for three branches of Russian industry were ware constructed. The way to construct a production function based on Russian statistic was suggested. The conclusions about growth factors for manufacturing and extractive industries were made. Substance: The model helps to forecast growth of Russian industry because of changes in the productive factors.
The monograph presents the results of calculations of the human capital dynamics and structure for the Russian economy in 1991-2012 years, using the method of accumulated costs by analogy with the calculation of the fixed capital volume. Analysis of the human capital contribution implemented on the basis of the production function model; original mathematical-statistical methods providing stability and economic interpretability of the results developed.
One of the sections of economic and mathematical modeling is a section dedicated to the modeling of economic dynamics of large systems. The model in this section is a system of equations and inequalities, describing a closed production cycle - from the formation of the main production resources to replenish their next production cycle due to the distribution of results for the resumption of production and growth of resources. Such a closed system of equations and inequalities reflects the fundamental relationship of real economic production systems, and therefore can be used in a variety of economic experiments. With their help it is possible to determine the results of the regulatory impact on the economy, to assess the significance of various measures of state regulation - from changes in the tax system to a variety of protectionist measures. This book is a new model of economic dynamics, based on the principles of complex-economy. Using models of complex variables allows us to describe these economic processes and relationships that are either difficult or impossible to describe using models of real variables.
We develop a consensus clustering framework developed three decades ago in Russia and experimentally demonstrate that our least squares consensus clustering algorithm consistently outperforms several recent consensus clustering methods.
The general region socio-economical developement estimation approach is based on the agregation of diffeerent indices into one number. This approach leads to the loss of information, because highly economically developed regions are mixed with the poorly developed regions which live only due to subsidies. The new complex-valued index is proposed in the article. The usage of the index allows to evaluate the regions' developement from two separated sides: the social developement and economical developement. The simple way of such a complex-valued indices is proposed in the article.
Selected works of George Kleiner on economics and mathematics in occasion of his 70th birthday.
A new approach is proposed revealing duality relations between a physical side of economy (resources and technologies) and its institutional side (institutional relationsd between social groups). Production function is modeled not as a primal object but rather as a secondary one defined in a dual way by the institutional side. Differential games of bargaining are proposed to model a behavior of workers and capitalists in process of prices or weights formation. These games result, correspondingly, in a price curve and in a weight curve - structures dual to a production function. Ultimately, under constant bargaining powers of the participants, the Cobb-Douglas production function is generated.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.