Профессиональные стандарты и спрос на рынке труда в сфере высшего менеджмента в России
The paper discusses the problem of aligning the professional standards with a real demand in the labor market of top management. The study proposes approaches to the analysis of demand in the labor market and algorithms for quantification of qualitative information about relevant skills as well as the methodology for grouping professional standards and job advertisements. The research methods of text mining, topic modeling and cluster analysis were applied for the analysis of databases of vacancies and the professional standards. As a result, data on the labor market were summarized as 30 professional groups; each group is characterized by a specific set of competencies. The conclusions present the correspondence between the classification of labor market and the current need in personnel and areas of their discrepancy with respect to the matrix of skills for subgroups of professional standards and vacancies of the HeadHunter portal in the “Higher management” category are identified. The proposed approaches and methods allow to flexibly classify various professions between official classifiers and the demand in the labor market. It helps to improve the coordination between educational organizations and professional communities in order to ensure consistency of requirements for workers.