Ретроспективный анализ законодательства об ответственности за преступления, совершаемые на рынке ценных бумаг (часть 1)
The article is dedicated to historical analysis of crimes committed on securities market till the 20th century. Important part of the article is indication of economic conditions. Thanks for it the meaning of legal acts becomes clear. The author concludes on existence the developed securities market and necessary criminal rules to its protection.
The article is dedicated to research fraud on securities market committed in the time of its circulation. As rule, acts of guilty are qualified by article 159 of the Criminal Code of Russian Federation. It is permitted by Resolution of the Plenum of the Supreme Court of Russian Federation. But it’s right not always whereby there isn’t consensus in the science of criminal law on the matter. So the article includes jurisprudence fraud against property and fraud on securities market. Thanks for it distinction between such field are clear. The author conclusions that to incriminate acts of person under article 159 of the Criminal Code of Russian Federation is unlawfully in some cases. It points to need of establishing article in Chapter 22 of the Criminal Code of Russian Federation which has the purpose to protect the economic activity from fraud in this field. For it the work presents defense of elements of fraud against property and fraud committed on economics and securities market as its part.
The article is dedicated of problems of criminal law regulation of securities market.The concept of criminal law mechanism its protection is offered.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/