Effects of covid-19 pandemic on life expectancy and premature mortality in 2020: time series analysis in 37 countries
To estimate the changes in life expectancy and years
of life lost in 2020 associated with the covid-19
Time series analysis.
37 upper-middle and high income countries or regions
with reliable and complete mortality data.
Annual all cause mortality data from the Human
Mortality Database for 2005-20, harmonised and
disaggregated by age and sex.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES
Reduction in life expectancy was estimated as the
difference between observed and expected life
expectancy in 2020 using the Lee-Carter model.
Excess years of life lost were estimated as the
difference between the observed and expected
years of life lost in 2020 using the World Health
Organization standard life table.