Буллинг в российских школах: опыт диагностики распространенности, половозрастных особенностей и связи со школьным климатом
This article describes the process of developing instruments to measure school bullying and school climate characteristics as well as presents the results of their evaluation on a sample of 871 middle‐ and high-school students from a Russian megalopolis. It is shown that bullying prevalence depends on the type of aggres- sive behavior and involvement, varying from 4% (involvement in physical bullying as a victim or perpetrator) to 45% (involvement in verbal bullying as a bystander).Most often, students get involved in bullying as witnesses, but the number of vic- tims and bullies is not significantly lower. On average, 28% of school students initiate bullying and 33% get bullied once or twice a month. Occasional bullying is more typical of girls, while boys are more likely to bully their peers frequent- ly. Middle-school students (seventh and eighth grades) are at the highest risk of being exposed to bullying in all roles. Four aspects of school climate are also ana- lyzed, all of them being significantly negatively related to bullying involvement(regardless of the type of bullying or respondent’s role in a bullying incident).