Split-off states in tunnel-coupled semiconductor heterostructures for ultrafast modulation of spin and optical polarization
We present a theoretical analysis of the split-off states emerging due to a tunnel coupling between a remote bound state and a semiconductor quantum well (QW). The on-site Coulomb repulsion and the spin splitting of the bound state have been considered. The split-off states emerge in the band gap of the QW and reveal themselves as two solitary peaks in the photoluminescence (PL) from the QW. The peaks have opposite circular polarization and their spectral position strongly depends on the tunnel coupling strength. We suggest a mechanism of ultrafast PL polarization switching by means of electrical modulation of the tunnel coupling by an external gate. The obtained results open a new possibility for the spin and optical polarization control in nanoscale systems.