Asynchronous Chaos and Bifurcations in a Model of Two Coupled Identical Hindmarsh – Rose Neurons
We study a minimal network of two coupled neurons described by the Hindmarsh – Rose model with a linear coupling. We suppose that individual neurons are identical and study whether the dynamical regimes of a single neuron would be stable synchronous regimes in the model of two coupled neurons. We find that among synchronous regimes only regular periodic spiking and quiescence are stable in a certain range of parameters, while no bursting synchronous regimes are stable. Moreover, we show that there are no stable synchronous chaotic regimes in the parameter range considered. On the other hand, we find a wide range of parameters in which a stable asynchronous chaotic regime exists. Furthermore, we identify narrow regions of bistability, when synchronous and asynchronous regimes coexist. However, the asynchronous attractor is monostable in a wide range of parameters. We demonstrate that the onset of the asynchronous chaotic attractor occurs according to the Afraimovich – Shilnikov scenario. We have observed various asynchronous firing patterns: irregular quasi-periodic and chaotic spiking, both regular and chaotic bursting regimes, in which the number of spikes per burst varied greatly depending on the control parameter.