Диалектное членение мансийского языка в диахронии по данным базисной лексики
Introduction. This paper deals with diachronic classification of Mansi dialect groups based on the new resources. The previous research on this data was focused on highlighting the phonetic isoglosses between the discovered dialects, so now it is possible to compare the results based on phonetics with the results gained from lexicostatistics.
Objective of this paper is to define the dialect groups of Mansi from 18th till 21st centuries based on the lists of basic vocabulary.
Research materials that were used are the new expeditional and archival data published on the linguistic platform http://lingvodoc.ispras.ru/ and field materials gathered by the author.
Results and novelty of the research. For the first time were compiled lists of basic vocabulary of seven archival and three contemporary dictionaries that became known to researchers in the recent years, an appropriate questionnaire was also filled by a native speaker of Sosva Mansi. Judging by the comparison with the 19th century data, the most distinctive dialect group is North Mansi, as it has retained many features since the 18th century. Other dialect groups have been not so stable. In the late 18th century there were dialects of Perm province, not homogenous enough as a group, and out of them Kungur and Solikamsk dialects were closer to Tavda (southern) dialect that is known from the 19th-20th century records. The eastern dialects disappeared in the beginning of the 21st century. Judging by the data obtained from the last native speakers, the Yukonda (eastern) dialect underwent massive changes in comparison to the 19th century.