The procedure of measurements and the formulas for calculating the sample's reflection (R) and transmission (T) coefficients with the use of a passive terahertz spectrometer are presented. The passive spectrometer comprises of cold and room-temperature chambers interconnected via a multimode waveguide (light pipe). Spectral selective liquid helium-cooled detector is placed at the cold side, and a specular disk shutter is positioned near the room-temperature end of the light pipe. The metered coefficients R and T can be calculated as a result of the two consecutive synchronous detection measurements — with the specimen placed before and after the shutter. Passive terahertz spectrometry based on the selective cooled detectors is a good alternative to active one when the use of a sophisticated teraherz radiation source is difficult or undesirable.
This paper considers the optimization of the parameters of the radiator and installed in the cooler by the expert criterion of minimum cost while restrictions on the provision of the given thermal conditions and parameters.
This volume presents new results in the study and optimization of information transmission models in telecommunication networks using different approaches, mainly based on theiries of queueing systems and queueing networks .
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.