Личностная аутентичность как ресурс преодоления синдрома профессионального выгорания
This study is devoted to the search and analysis of the relationship between the personal authenticity of working specialists and the burnout syndrome. The problem is caused by the poorly studied and unclear nature of the possibility of attributing authenticity to the system of psychological resources that help in coping with burnout. The aim of the study was to determine the type and direction of the relationship between personal authenticity and professional burnout in the structure of psychological well-being of representatives of different professions: doctors, military personnel and sport coaches. The main hypothesis: personal authenticity acts as a negative predictor of professional burnout; particular hypotheses suggest that the severity of indicators of professional burnout is moderated by the type of profession, and authenticity contributes to the manifestations of professional burnout in representatives of all the studied professional groups, but to a different extent. The study was conducted using two diagnostic methods: the Maslach Burnout Inventory and the Authenticity Scale by A. Wood. The sample consisted of 502 people, including 206 doctors, 123 sport coaches and 173 military personnel. The results showed the presence of a reliable correlation composition, in which authenticity (the Authentic Living subscale) is reliably and negatively associated with the components of burnout syndrome (Emotional exhaustion, Depersonalization, Reduction of achievements), and the «reverse side» of authenticity – Self-Alienation and Accepting External Influences – is positively associated with burnout. Regression analysis showed that in all three groups, authenticity is indeed a negative predictor of burnout, but in different ways. The strongest influence was found in the group of doctors who have the greatest contribution to the experience of burnout is Self-Alienation. In the group of coaches, only Authentic Living makes a negative contribution to the manifestations of professional burnout. Similar patterns were found in the group of military personnel, but the determination of connections was higher than that of the coaches, but still lower than that of the doctors. The hypotheses of the study were confirmed, and authenticity can be reasonably considered a psychological resource of coping with professional burnout.