МЕТОДИКА ИЗУЧЕНИЯ ТРУДОВЫХ ИНТЕРЕСОВ РАБОТНИКОВ СОВРЕМЕННЫХ ОРГАНИЗАЦИЙ
The relevance of this work is associated with the lack in labor psychology of a sufficient number of tools that facilitate the study and assessment of the labor interests of workers.
Objective. The goal is to develop and validate a new methodology for researching the labor interests of workers in modern organizations.
Methods and sampling. A survey toolkit was proposed, the results of which were compared with individual scales of the methods "Studying the motivational profile of a person" (S. Richie and P. Martin), the methodology of F. Herzberg "Monitoring of labor motives" and the method "Motyp" V. Gerchikov. The sample for standardization purposes included workers in modern industries associated with industry 4.0 from 21 to 50 years with a work experience of 0 to 30 years (N = 210).
Results. The author's methodology "Labor interests of workers" has been developed, which includes 35 statements. The content of the statements reflects the theoretical classification of 7 groups of workers' interests: economic; professional; career; group; corporate; territorial and general civil. In assessing these scales, a 5-point gradation is used (from 1 point - not at all important to 5 - very important). The author's interpretation of the data obtained includes: the degree of expression of the labor interests of workers, the structure of labor interests in accordance with the above classification, the analysis of priority types of interests based on the ratings given by the respondents. Statistically significant correlations were obtained between the respondents' answers to individual statements of the methodology and the final result. Numerous direct correlations between indicators of motivation and labor interests were revealed. The reliability factor of the method is 0.662, which corresponds to the average bond strength.
Conclusions. The presented methodology is internally consistent, adequate to the research goal and reliable. The results indicate a high construct validity of this diagnostic tool.