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Article

"Деньги сравнивают все неравенства": что копит Аркадий Долгорукий

Димитриев В. М.

The "idea" of hoarding in the Adolescent by Dostoevsky reflects the economic and political features of the development of post-reform Russia. At the same time, the structure of the “idea” suggests possible metonymic and metaphorical shifts in its verbal portrait, which is associated with the key rhetorical characteristics of the novel. Because of that, the “idea” can be translated into other value languages ​​in the novel. The "idea" of Arkady Dolgoruky is considered in the article from the point of view of its ability to enter into an unlimited number of semantic relations allowed by the nature of the protagonist's desire. Money, as a universal commodity, encourages these semantic substitutions: for example, the transition from hoarding and giving away money to hoarding and distributing memories and realizing writer's ambitions. The transformation of Arkady's "idea", which the hero declares at the end of the novel, is intentionally obscured. The hidden, unmanifest aspect of the “transformation” completes the key principle of the Adolescent: to rid the text of moral “explanation”, to deprive the plot events of external motivations.