Measuring corporate management in business maturity forecasting models
Modern corporate theory interprets enterprise-wide risk management (ERM) as an agent between stakeholders and corporate governance. In accordance with the latest ERM framework, corporate risk management in business includes the methods and processes used by organizations to manage uncertainty and use the opportunities associated with achieving their goals. The aim of the study is to measure corporate management in business maturity forecasting models. The author predicted a company cluster based on signal to noise ratio. As the basic model, the author used the calculation method proposed by G. Taguchi to assess product quality as well as for the design and optimization of processes. The research method used for the study was empirical. The author obtained financial performance data relating to all 218 companies from the SPARK database. It was applied two-step cluster analysis to compare companies within the sample. Also, it was calculated the geometric mean for each quantitative variable to avoid the influence of temporary shocks and distortions. The results of a nonparametric test showed that the relationship between the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and ERM is significant. Thus, based on the results of the theoretical and empirical studies, we can argue that the measurement of ERM through the SNR is justified.
This chapter provides an overview of the main sections, as well as presented the goals, objectives and relevance to the overall context of a scientific monograph.
The focus of this paper is the reasons of suboptimal investment policy that consists of over- or underinvestment. We consider the definitions of risk-shifting and risk avoidance effects that lead to suboptimal investments. These problems are connected with the agency conflicts in the firm between different parties: shareholders, debt holders and managers. Since the preferences of claimholders vary from one stage of the life-cycle to another, the incentives for over- and underinvestment differ in the stages of the life-cycle. The originality and the focus of this paper are the reasons for the exposure of overinvestment and underinvestment at different life-cycle stages. The research was conducted on a sample of Russian nonfinancial companies from the period 2003-2012. This sample was divided into three life-cycle stages: growth, maturity and decline. The method of life-cycle stages identification was modified in order to use only available data and make the model more business oriented. Risk-shifting and risk avoidance, as the reasons to the problem of suboptimal investment were studied. For this purpose the estimations with one of the effects were identified. The life-cycle stages, at which the effects took place, were determined, and also the strength of risk-shifting and risk avoidance was identified with the help of the regression analysis. In addition there was considered a way to mitigate these effects. According to the results they might be eliminated by the adjustment of short-term debt level.
The book contains the results of studies to assess the effectiveness of corporate risk management. This monograph is intended for students, teachers and scientists, researchers, and professionals operating in the field of risk management.
This book constitutes the joint refereed proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Next Generation Teletraffic and Wired/Wireless Advanced Networks and Systems, NEW2AN 2020, and the 13th Conference on Internet of Things and Smart Spaces, ruSMART 2020. The conference was held virtually due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
The 79 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 225 submissions. The papers of NEW2AN address various aspects of next-generation data networks, with special attention to advanced wireless networking and applications. In particular, they deal with novel and innovative approaches to performance and efficiency analysis of 5G and beyond systems, employed game-theoretical formulations, advanced queuing theory, and stochastic geometry, while also covering the Internet of Things, cyber security, optics, signal processing, as well as business aspects. ruSMART 2020, provides a forum for academic and industrial researchers to discuss new ideas and trends in the emerging areas.
Short termism is one of the most relevant problems of corporate governance. Managers of companies have to make a choice between long term and short term decisions. The main reasons provoking the emergence of short-termism are: the high volatility of the economy as a whole, the high level of uncertainty of business development due to systematic risks, the legislatively conditioned necessity of publishing interim financial statements and the desire of business owners to get a return on investment as quickly as possible. We assume that corporate risk management system would contribute to mitigate short-termism problem in particular by examining the impact of corporate risk management on the discount rate. In this paper author provide a methodology of estimation of discount rate, depending on the degree of effectiveness of the risk management. The provided methodology mitigates uncertainty of strategic decisions and allows making long-term decisions. The core of proposal was built under the assumption that stakeholders have their own opinion about sustainability of a company and use a special list of signs, demonstrating the risk management efficiency of a company.
The second part of the scientific monograph contains the results of analyzis the effectiveness of corporate risk management and internal control systems. The scientific literature contains a fairly large number of methods that allow to evaluate the effectiveness of managerial decisions within the company, but most of them are designed to formally assess the functionality of a particular system of risk management in relation to the world wide "best practices". The monograph presents the recommendations on the organization of integrated risk management methodology and assess its effectiveness in accordance with modern trends in decision-making, such as short-termizm focus on short-term business profitability. The theoretical propositions supported by empirical calculations, analytical studies and practical recommendations. The emphasis is on managing business uncertainty, and as a result, growth in the discount rate and the reduction of investment attractiveness as a result of lack of transparency of administrative processes and the lack of clear criteria for evaluating the effectiveness of the processes. This monograph is intended for students, teachers and scientists, researchers, and professionals operating in the field of risk management.
The purpose of this paper is to analyze the effect of the corporate ownership diversification, i.e. how the involvement in the ownership of other non-financial firms affects the value of listed firms. The authors control for the unrelated diversification when the firm has different business segments in different sectors. Design/methodology/approach - The authors analyze a sample of Chilean-listed firms between 2005 and 2009, in two stages. First, the authors compute the diversification premium or discount, defined as the part of the firms' capitalization that stems from the diversification strategy. Then, the authors regress the premium or discount against the business and ownership diversification measures and other control variables. Findings - In addition to a discount for unrelated business diversification, the authors find an ownership diversification discount when non-financial firms are shareholders of other firms. However, this discount turns into a premium when the firm gains the control of the owned firm, especially in related sectors. Originality/value - The authors pioneer the analysis of the ownership diversification in Latin American firms. The results apply not only to Chile but also to a number of Latin American countries since many of these countries have, in common with Chile, a concentrated corporate ownership structure and a weak protection of investors' rights.
Implementation of risk management practices in the company’s activities has a great impact on the reputation and performance of the company. As a result, the majority of stakeholders are interested in cooperation with the selected company. Predicting the results of cooperation implemented through investment projects efficiency assessment methods, where the main index, demonstrating the attitude to risk analysts, is a discounted rate of return of the project. The purpose of this article is to adjust the discount rate on the business risk level, determined indirectly on the basis of stakeholder expectations. The resulting methodology of calculation of discount rate allows to evaluate the effectiveness of participation in business by the stakeholders and in accordance with their level of risk appetite. Participation of key indicators of business performance as an indirect measure of estimation of efficiency risk management allows to approximate the expectations of stakeholders in relation to the received level. Factor analysis of the indicators included in the rating can be used as an element of management in order to increase the investment attractiveness of the business.
The level of corporate diversification is one of the most important decisions that management makes. The diversification strategy has its benefits and costs. According to the principles of corporate finance the efficiency of diversification strategy is always assessed by its impact on shareholder value. The article discusses the main value-creating and value-destroying drivers of diversified firms.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.