• A
  • A
  • A
  • ABC
  • ABC
  • ABC
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
Regular version of the site

Article

Train as a Semantic Space in Russian Culture of the 19th-20th Centuries

Мосова Д. В., Дмитренко Н. П., Kolchina O., Аверкина С. Н., Калинина А. Г.

The railway station is the most important chronotope of the 20th century. In times of industrialisation,

economic development, military confrontation between major powers, the images of a steam locomotive,

locomotive, and train met in a large body of literary and journalistic texts. The study of the railway discourse

is based on complex historical and semiotic meanings, which allow concluding about the properties of the

Russian cultural world, studying it from a new perspective. In the process of the research, the methods of the

theoretical level were used: the study and generalisation of scientific works, analysis and synthesis, induction

and deduction. The authors conducted a logical analysis of the collected material, developed new categories

of the image of a train as a “fiery demon”, “a locomotive of progress”, “house on wheels”. Semantic models of

perception of the train as a cultural space were interpreted. A discursive analysis of ideas that influenced the

semantic part of the concept of “railroad” in Russian culture was conducted. It was concluded that the image

of a train in literary creation has a dual character. Already at the stage of the construction of the railway, an

infernal model of its interpretation as a “serpent train/dragon” was formed, capable of destroying all living

things and taking them to the kingdom of death. At the same time, there are examples of a different type of

interpretation of the image of a train. Some researchers insist on its connection with the archetype of

“mother”, the idea of movement in a circle, return. In the post-Soviet space, the image of a train has not lost

its significance. It is still assimilated by mass culture, it enters into everyday life, without losing its ambivalent

character.