Опыт перехода российских компаний на удалённую работу в ситуации пандемии
This article presents the results of a study of the experience gained from Russian organizations and enterprises’ emergency transition to remote work in the spring of 2020. The main objective of the study is to analyze the team management strategies used in the lockdown conditions in the spring of 2020: circumstances determining the effectiveness of joint work, organizational and communicative particularities, and properties of corporative culture. The transfer of employees to remote work entailed a decrease in the effectiveness of collective work with an increase in worktime. Stresses caused by concerns of people about the stability of their work proved to be justified and widespread. These concerns were partly alleviated thanks by employers’ efforts to retain workers. The authorities promptly adopted Law No. 407 on remote work. This also eased the fears of employees. Companies that managed to create workable IT systems and auxiliary services were able to quickly mobilize employees to accomplish production tasks. But teaming competencies such as problems of motivation, involvement, trust, mutual understanding and some others could not be promptly resolved. Accordingly, the crisis was surmounted successfully enough in those organizations that had these skills in the repertoire of their corporate culture. The lockdown experience shows that remote work can be a regular element of workplace relations. This requires algorithms of efficient work out of the office and the use of managerial decisions motivating employees for cooperation, trust, involvement, creativity, the ability to learn and adapt to change.
The article discusses the differences in the legal regulation of such form of organizationof labor relations as remote and home-based work. It covers the issues of labor safety, the form of the employment contract, the distribution of working time.The article is written after the ammendment of the Labour Code by the Chapter devoted to remote work.
In the age of globalisation which broadly means international interaction the idea of global communication comes to the front. Communicating globally implies using intercultural links and involves cultural knowledge of business counterparts as an integral part of global interaction. Language media being an essential tool of global interaction facilitate the process of business communication provided that certain guidelines are taken into consideration.
It is known that charity, as with any social institution that depends on both external and internal factors. In this article the author analyzes the relationship of charity and the level of development of such internal factors as trust. The analysis was conducted on a global level and at regional level in Russia. The resulting lack of relationship to regional level and its presence in the world say that in Russia at the moment there is no required number of relevant data, based on which one could draw a conclusion about the level of philanthropy.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.